Samuel A. Latt

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Fluorescence of the dye 33258 Hoechst bound to chromosomes is partially quenched by the introduction of BrdU into chromosomal DNA. This finding has allowed microfluorometric detection of DNA synthesis in human metaphase chromosomes. Incorporation, shortly before cell harvest, of a pulse of thymidine into chromosomes otherwise substituted with BrdU results(More)
Many Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and Angelman syndrome (AS) patients have a cytogenetic deletion of 15q11q13. While AS and PWS share a similar cytogenetic anomaly, they have very different clinical phenotypes. DNAs from 4 AS patients were examined using 5 chromosome 15q11q13-specific cloned DNA segments. With the present level of resolution, the molecular(More)
Fetal nucleated cells within maternal blood represent a potential source of fetal genes obtainable by venipuncture. We used monoclonal antibody against the transferrin receptor (TfR) to identify nucleated erythrocytes in the peripheral blood of pregnant women. Candidate fetal cells from 19 pregnancies were isolated by flow sorting at 12 1/2-17 weeks(More)
An automatic system for detecting and counting sister chromatid exchanges in human chromosomes has been developed. Metaphase chromosomes from lymphocytes which had incorporated 5-bromodeoxyuridine for two replication cycles were treated with the dye 33258 Hoechst and photodegraded so that the sister chromatids exhibited differential Giemsa staining. A(More)
A method that allows the specific cloning of DNA fragments absent from patients homozygous or hemizygous for chromosomal deletions is described. The method involves phenol-accelerated competitive DNA reassociation and subsequent molecular cloning of appropriately reassociated molecules. The deletion DNA sample utilized in the competition was isolated from a(More)
The ability of electronic energy transfer and direct binding competition between pairs of dyes to enhance contrast in human or bovine metaphase chromosome staining patterns is illustrated, and the relative effectiveness of these two mechanisms compared. The existence of energy transfer between quinacrine or 33258 Hoechst and 7-amino-actinomycin D in doubly(More)
Thymidine incorporated as a terminal pulse into chromosomes otherwise substituted with 5-bromodeoxyuridine can be detected by associated bright 33258 Hoechst fluorescence. The location of metaphase chromosome regions identified by this method as last to complete DNA synthesis is consistent with the results of autoradiographic analyses with tritiated(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive genetic disorder for which the biochemical defect is as yet unknown. Recently, two cloned segments of human X-chromosome DNA have been described which detect structural alterations within or near the genetic locus responsible for the disorder. Both of these cloned segments were described as tightly(More)
We have cloned a 2.0-kb EcoRI fragment of human genomic DNA (NB-19-21) which has homology to the v-myc oncogene but is distinct from the classical c-myc gene. This sequence is amplified from 25- to 700-fold in eight of nine tested human neuroblastoma cell lines which contain either homogeneously staining regions or double minutes (HSRs or DMs), the(More)