In this study we investigated the effects of intracellular pH (pHi) and extracellular pH (pHe) on whole-cell currents in cultured glomus cells of the rat carotid body and small, intensely fluorescent (SIF) cells of sympathetic ganglia. The use of the perforated-patch recording technique along with established methods of cytoplasmic acidification allowed us… (More)
We construct a machine that knows its own code, at the price of not knowing its own factivity.
We argue that C. Darwin and more recently W. Hennig worked at times under the simplifying assumption of an eternal biosphere. So motivated, we explicitly consider the consequences which follow mathematically from this assumption, and the infinite graphs it leads to. This assumption admits certain clusters of organisms which have some ideal theoretical… (More)
Reinhardt's conjecture, a formalization of the statement that a truthful knowing machine can know its own truthfulness and mechanicalness, was proved by Carlson using sophisticated structural results about the ordinals and transfinite induction just beyond the first epsilon number. We prove a weaker version of the conjecture, by elementary methods and… (More)
A biologically unavoidable sequence is an infinite gender sequence which occurs in every gendered, infinite genealogical network satisfying certain tame conditions. We show that every eventually periodic sequence is biologically unavoidable (this generalizes König's Lemma), and we exhibit some biologically avoidable sequences. Finally we give an application… (More)
We describe a simple algorithm that has been used to determine the optimum mixture of 15 liquids. The fitness function in this project is the subjective judgement of a taster. The convergence of our algorithm is sufficiently fast that it can be used as a demonstration of evolutionary programming.
Using variational Monte Carlo and highly accurate trial wave functions optimized by Filippi and Umrigar, we calculate a number of molecular properties for the ground state of Li2, Be2, B2, C2, N2, O2, and F2. This is the first time that many of these properties have been computed.