Samudrala Gourinath

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Unlike processive cellular motors such as myosin V, whose structure has recently been determined in a "rigor-like" conformation, myosin II from contracting muscle filaments necessarily spends most of its time detached from actin. By using squid and sea scallop sources, however, we have now obtained similar rigor-like atomic structures for muscle myosin(More)
Here we report a 2.3-A crystal structure of scallop myosin S1 complexed with ADP.BeF(x), as well as three additional structures (at 2.8-3.8 A resolution) for this S1 complexed with ATP analogs, some of which are cross-linked by para-phenyl dimaleimide, a short intramolecular cross-linker. In all cases, the complexes are characterized by an unwound SH1 helix(More)
X-ray diffraction data at atomic resolution to 0.98 A with 136 380 observed unique reflections were collected using a high quality proteinase K crystals grown under microgravity conditions and cryocooled. The structure has been refined anisotropically with REFMAC and SHELX-97 with R-factors of 11.4 and 12.8%, and R(free)-factors of 12.4 and 13.5%,(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) are used by calcium to regulate a variety of biological processes in the malaria parasite Plasmodium. CDPK4 has emerged as an important enzyme for parasite development, because its gene disruption in rodent parasite Plasmodium berghei causes major defects in sexual(More)
Cysteine plays a major role in the antioxidative defense mechanisms of the human parasite Entameoba histolytica. The major route of cysteine biosynthesis in this parasite is the condensation of O-acetylserine with sulfide by the de novo cysteine biosynthetic pathway involving two key enzymes O-acetyl-L-serine sulfhydrylase (OASS) and serine acetyl(More)
We have extended the X-ray structure determination of the complete scallop myosin head in the pre-power stroke state to 2.6 A resolution, allowing an atomic comparison of the three major (weak actin binding) states of various myosins. We can now account for conformational differences observed in crystal structures in the so-called "pliant region" at the(More)
The explosive epidemicity of amoebiasis caused by the facultative gastrointestinal protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica is a major public health problem in developing countries. Multidrug resistance and side effects of various available antiamoebic drugs necessitate the design of novel antiamobeic agents. The cysteine biosynthetic pathway is the(More)
Sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), an anionic surfactant that mimics some characteristics of biological membrane has also been found to induce aggregation in proteins. The present study was carried out on 25 diverse proteins using circular dichroism, fluorescence spectroscopy, dye binding assay and electron microscopy. It was found that an appropriate molar(More)
Entamoeba histolytica, the causative agent of human amoebiasis, is essentially anaerobic, requiring a small amount of oxygen for growth. It cannot tolerate the higher concentration of oxygen present in human tissues or blood. However, during tissue invasion it is exposed to a higher level of oxygen, leading to oxygen stress. Cysteine, which is a vital thiol(More)
Replication initiation is a crucial step in genome duplication and homohexameric DnaB helicase plays a central role in the replication initiation process by unwinding the duplex DNA and interacting with several other proteins during the process of replication. N-terminal domain of DnaB is critical for helicase activity and for DnaG primase interactions. We(More)