Sampath Kumar Loganathan

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Mutations in the SLC4A11 protein, reported as a sodium-coup-led borate transporter of the human plasma membrane, are responsible for three corneal dystrophies (CD): congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy type 2, Harboyan syndrome, and late-onset Fuch's CD. To develop a rational basis to understand these diseases, whose point mutations are found(More)
Three genetic corneal dystrophies [congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy type 2 (CHED2), Harboyan syndrome and Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy] arise from mutations of the SLC4a11 gene, which cause blindness from fluid accumulation in the corneal stroma. Selective transmembrane water conductance controls cell size, renal fluid reabsorption and(More)
Mutations in the SLC4A11 gene, which encodes a plasma membrane borate transporter, cause recessive congenital hereditary endothelial corneal dystrophy type 2 (CHED2), corneal dystrophy and perceptive deafness (Harboyan syndrome), and dominant late-onset Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD). We analyzed missense SLC4A11 mutations identified in FECD and(More)
Late-onset Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) shows genetic heterogeneity. Identification of SLC4A11 as a candidate gene for congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy with similar corneal endothelial defects as FECD and reduced mRNA expression of SLC4A11 in the endothelium of FECD cases suggested that this gene may also be involved in pathogenesis(More)
SLC4A11 mutations cause some cases of the corneal endothelial dystrophies, congenital hereditary endothelial corneal dystrophy type 2 (CHED2), Harboyan syndrome (HS), and Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD). SLC4A11 protein was recently identified as facilitating water flux across membranes. SLC4A11 point mutations usually cause SLC4A11 misfolding(More)
Aquaporin-1 (AQP1) enables greatly enhanced water flux across plasma membranes. The cytosolic carboxy terminus of AQP1 has two acidic motifs homologous to known carbonic anhydrase II (CAII) binding sequences. CAII colocalizes with AQP1 in the renal proximal tubule. Expression of AQP1 with CAII in Xenopus oocytes or mammalian cells increased water flux(More)
SLC4A11, a member of the SLC4 family of bicarbonate transporters, is a widely expressed integral membrane protein, abundant in kidney and cornea. Mutations of SLC4A11 cause some cases of the blinding corneal dystrophies, congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy, and Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy. These diseases are marked by fluid accumulation in(More)
PURPOSE Protein misfolding, causing retention of nascent protein in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), is the most common molecular phenotype for disease alleles of membrane proteins. Strategies are needed to identify therapeutics able to correct such folding/trafficking defects. Mutations of SLC4A11, a plasma membrane transport protein of the human corneal(More)
Large cytoplasmic domains (CD) are a common feature among integral membrane proteins. In virtually all cases, these CD have a function (e.g., binding cytoskeleton or regulatory factors) separate from that of the membrane domain (MD). Strong associations between CD and MD are rare. Here we studied SLC4A11, a membrane transport protein of corneal endothelial(More)
We recently reported a novel form of BMP2, designated nBMP2, which is translated from an alternative downstream start codon and is localized to the nucleus rather than secreted from the cell. To examine the function of nBMP2 in the nucleus, we engineered a gene-targeted mutant mouse model (nBmp2NLS(tm)) in which nBMP2 cannot be translocated to the nucleus.(More)
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