Samira Daniel

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Polarized secretion is a tightly regulated event generated by conserved, asymmetrically localized multiprotein complexes, and the mechanism(s) underlying its temporal and spatial regulation are only beginning to emerge. Although yeast Iqg1p has been identified as a positional marker linking polarity and exocytosis cues, studies on its mammalian counterpart,(More)
The insulin secretory response by pancreatic beta-cells to an acute "square wave" stimulation by glucose is characterized by a first phase that occurs promptly after exposure to glucose, followed by a decrease to a nadir, and a prolonged second phase. The first phase of release is due to the ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channel-dependent (triggering) pathway(More)
We describe the development and characterization of substance P labeled at Lys3 with fluorescein ([fluorescein Lys3]SP) as a fluorescent probe for the neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor. [fluorescein Lys3]SP is an agonist at the human NK1 receptor, with an affinity for both the high-affinity and low-affinity binding states of the receptor approximately 6-fold(More)
The mechanisms underlying the first phase of glucose-stimulated insulin release, the deterioration of which marks the early stages of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, are essentially unknown. Among many hypotheses, one holds that the first phase is due to a readily releasable pool of insulin-containing granules. We used current knowledge of the mechanisms(More)
Mastoparan, a hormone receptor-mimetic peptide isolated from wasp venom, stimulates insulin release from pancreatic beta-cells in a Ca(2+)-independent but GTP-dependent manner. In this report, the role of the Rho family GTP-binding protein Cdc42, in the mastoparan stimulus-secretion pathway, was examined. Overexpression of wild-type Cdc42 in beta HC-9(More)
Hexamminecobalt(III) (HAC) chloride was found to have a potent inhibitory effect on glucose-induced insulin secretion from pancreatic islets. HAC at 2 mm inhibited the secretion in response to 22.2 mm glucose by 90% in mouse islets. Perifusion experiments revealed that the first phase of insulin secretion was severely suppressed and that the second phase of(More)
The TSH receptor (TSHR) is the primary antigen in Graves' disease. In this condition, autoantibodies to the TSHR that have intrinsic thyroid-stimulating activity develop. We studied the epitopes on the native TSHR using polyclonal antisera and monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) derived from an Armenian hamster model of Graves' disease. Of 14 hamster mAbs(More)
To elucidate the mechanism underlying diabetes caused by mitochondrial gene mutations, we created a model by applying 0.4 microg/ml ethidium bromide (EtBr) to the murine pancreatic beta cell line betaHC9; in this model, transcription of mitochondrial DNA, but not that of nuclear DNA, was suppressed in association with impairment of glucose-stimulated(More)
The potential of lipid monolayers spread at an air-water interface was investigated as a well defined membrane model able to support protein kinase C (PKC) association and activation. PKC association to a mixed phospholipid film (phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine) could be detected by an increase of the monolayer surface pressure. This association was(More)
Exposure of betaHC9 cells to a Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate-HEPES buffer (KRBH) made hypotonic by a reduction of 25 mM NaCl resulted in a prompt stimulation of insulin release. The stimulation was transient, and release rates returned to basal levels after 10 min. The response resembles that of the first phase of glucose-stimulated insulin release. The response(More)