Samira C Grifoni

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Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration plays a key role in tissue repair after arterial wall injury. VSMC migration requires integration of chemical and mechanical signaling mechanisms. Recently, we showed that epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) proteins are expressed in VSMCs and that ENaC inhibition abolishes pressure-induced constriction in isolated(More)
Recent studies from our laboratory demonstrated the importance of mechanosensitive epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) proteins in pressure-induced constriction in renal and cerebral arteries. ENaC proteins are closely related to acid-sensing ion channel 2 (ASIC2), a protein known to be required for normal mechanotransduction in certain sensory neurons.(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate Acid Sensing Ion Channel (ASIC) protein expression and importance in cellular migration. We recently demonstrated that Epithelial Na(+)Channel (ENaC) proteins are required for vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration; however, the role of the closely related ASIC proteins has not been addressed. We(More)
Recent studies suggest members of the degenerin (DEG)/epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC)/acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC) protein family play an important role in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration. In a previous investigation, we found suppression of a certain DEG/ENaC/ASIC member, ASIC2, increased VSMC chemotactic migration, raising the possibility(More)
Renal blood flow (RBF) autoregulation is mediated by at least two mechanisms, the fast acting myogenic response (approximately 5 s) and slow acting tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF; approximately 25 s). Previous studies suggest epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) family proteins, beta-ENaC in particular, mediate myogenic constriction in isolated renal interlobar(More)
Previous studies suggest β-epithelial Na(+) channel protein (β-ENaC) may mediate myogenic constriction, a mechanism of blood flow autoregulation. A recent study demonstrated that mice with reduced levels of β-ENaC (β-ENaC m/m) have delayed correction of whole kidney blood flow responses, suggesting defective myogenic autoregulatory capacity. Reduced renal(More)
Recent epidemiological reports showed that smoking has a negative impact on renal function and elevates the renal risk not only in the renal patient but perhaps also in the healthy population. Studies suggested that nicotine, a major tobacco alkaloid, links smoking to renal dysfunction. While several studies showed that smoking/chronic nicotine exposure(More)
Chronic inflammation has been implicated in the pathology of hypertension; however, the role for specific cytokines remains unclear. We tested whether tumor necrosis factor-α blockade with etanercept (Etan) reduces mean arterial pressure in a female mouse model of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SLE is a chronic inflammatory disorder with prevalent(More)
Myogenic constriction is a vasoconstriction of blood vessels to increases in perfusion pressure. In renal preglomerular vasculature, it is an established mechanism of renal blood flow autoregulation. Recently, myogenic constriction has been identified as an important protective mechanism, preventing the transmission of systemic pressure to the fragile(More)
Neurite growth is required for nervous system development and repair. Multiple signals, including neurotrophic factors and intact mechanosensing mechanisms, interact to regulate neurite growth. Degenerin/epithelial Na(+) channel (DEG/ENaC) proteins have been identified as putative mechanosensors in sensory neurons. Recently, others have shown that the(More)