Samir W. Hamaia

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Only three recognition motifs, GFOGER, GLOGER, and GASGER, all present in type I collagen, have been identified to date for collagen-binding integrins, such as alpha(2)beta(1). Sequence alignment was used to investigate the occurrence of related motifs in other human fibrillar collagens, and located a conserved array of novel GER motifs within their triple(More)
A set of 57 synthetic peptides encompassing the entire triplehelical domain of human collagen III was used to locate binding sites for the collagen-binding integrin alpha(2)beta(1). The capacity of the peptides to support Mg(2+)-dependent binding of several integrin preparations was examined. Wild-type integrins (recombinant alpha(2) I-domain,(More)
This study focuses on determining the effect of varying the composition and crosslinking of collagen-based films on their physical properties and interaction with myoblasts. Films composed of collagen or gelatin and crosslinked with a carbodiimide were assessed for their surface roughness and stiffness. These samples are significant because they allow(More)
The human T cell leukemia virus, type 1 (HTLV-1), Rex protein mediates the nuclear export of unspliced and incompletely spliced viral mRNAs. This post-transcriptional activity is dependent in part on the binding of this protein to cis-regulatory sequences termed the Rex-response element (XRE). We have proposed previously that the decreased functionality(More)
Studies of cell attachment to collagen-based materials often ignore details of the binding mechanisms-be they integrin-mediated or non-specific. In this work, we have used collagen and gelatin-based substrates with different dimensional characteristics (monolayers, thin films and porous scaffolds) in order to establish the influence of composition,(More)
Integrin alpha2beta1 is the principal adhesive receptor for collagen but platelets also adhere through glycoprotein VI (GPVI). Integrin alphaIIbbeta3 may augment platelet adhesion. We have shown that disulfide exchange is necessary for platelet adhesion to fibrinogen, fibronectin, and collagen. However 2 questions remained: (1) Can activated alphaIIbbeta3(More)
Recruitment and extravasation of T cells through the blood-brain barrier are favored by adhesion molecule-mediated interactions of circulating T cells with endothelial cells. Since a common pathological finding in human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-associated diseases is the infiltration of HTLV-1-infected T lymphocytes into various organs, we have(More)
Human T-cell leukaemia/lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), aetiologically linked to lymphoproliferative as well as inflammatory diseases, infects and activates CD4(+) helper T-cells and thus alters immunoregulatory pathways. The viral regulatory Tax protein has been shown previously to induce the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) by(More)
Fibrillar collagens provide the most fundamental platform in the vertebrate organism for the attachment of cells and matrix molecules. We have identified specific sites in collagens to which cells can attach, either directly or through protein intermediaries. Using Toolkits of triple-helical peptides, each peptide comprising 27 residues of collagen primary(More)
Tax protein of human T-cell leukaemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) induces the expression of several cellular genes that are involved in T cell activation and proliferation. In this study, it was observed that Tax upregulated the expression of human interleukin 17 (IL17), a cytokine mainly produced by activated CD4(+) memory T cells. Indeed, IL17 mRNA was highly(More)