Samir P Tabash

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The progressive decline in kidney function and concomitant loss of renal 1alpha-hydroxylase (CYP27B1) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) are associated with a gradual loss of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) (25(OH)D(3)) and 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)). However, only the decrease in 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) can be explained by the(More)
This study investigated whether ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity in rainbow trout exposed to mixtures of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) could be predicted from induction equivalency factors (IEF). The test PAHs were classified into strong and weak inducers on the basis of similar exposure-response curves. Induction equivalency factors(More)
Early life stages of rainbow trout were exposed to different regimes of water-borne retene (7-isopropyl-1-methylphenanthrene) to determine if there is an ontogenic stage particularly sensitive to retene toxicity, and if cytochrome P-4501A (CYP1A) induction is a forerunner to blue sac disease (BSD), the syndrome of toxicity. CYP1A protein concentrations,(More)
The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) phenanthrene and retene (7-isopropyl-1-methyl phenanthrene) are lethal to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) larvae during chronic exposures. Phenanthrene is a low-toxicity, non-cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A)-inducing compound that accumulates in fish tissues during exposure to lethal concentrations in water. Retene(More)
Vitamin D insufficiency is prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and increased risk of bone and vascular disease. Unfortunately, supplementation of stage 3 or 4 CKD patients with currently recommended vitamin D2 or D3 regimens does not reliably restore serum total 25-hydroxyvitamin D to adequacy(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Vitamin D insufficiency drives secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). SHPT is poorly addressed by current vitamin D repletion options. The present study evaluated a novel investigational vitamin D repletion therapy: a modified-release (MR)(More)
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