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CD36 is a scavenger receptor that has been implicated in malaria pathogenesis as well as innate defense against blood-stage infection. Inflammatory responses to Plasmodium falciparum GPI (pfGPI) anchors are believed to play an important role in innate immune response to malaria. We investigated the role of CD36 in pfGPI-induced MAPK activation and(More)
Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is the main cause of acute lower respiratory infections in children under 2 years of age and causes repeated infections throughout life. We investigated the genetic variability of RSV-A circulating in Ontario during 2010-2011 winter season by sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the G glycoprotein gene.Among the(More)
The authors describe the first case of Weissella confusa infection of a prosthetic joint. Identification of the pathogen required 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing of isolates obtained on two separate occasions during the assessment of an elderly woman with a painful, swollen knee following total knee arthroplasty. A review of reported human infections due to W(More)
Although acute lung injury (ALI) is a common complication of severe malaria, little is known about the underlying molecular basis of lung dysfunction. Animal models have provided powerful insights into the pathogenesis of severe malaria syndromes such as cerebral malaria (CM); however, no model of malaria-induced lung injury has been definitively(More)
Experimental infection of mice with Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) provides a powerful model to define genetic determinants that regulate the development of cerebral malaria (CM). Based on the hypothesis that excessive activation of the complement system may confer susceptibility to CM, we investigated the role of C5/C5a in the development of CM. We show a(More)
BACKGROUND Primigravid (PG) women are at risk for pregnancy-associated malaria (PAM). Multigravid (MG) women acquire protection against PAM; however, HIV infection impairs this protective response. Protection against PAM is associated with the production of IgG specific for variant surface antigens (VSA-PAM) expressed by chondroitin sulfate A (CSA)-adhering(More)
Host inflammatory responses to Plasmodium falciparum GPI (pfGPI) anchors are believed to play an important role in the pathophysiology of severe malaria. However, relatively little is known about the signal transduction pathways involved in pfGPI-stimulated inflammatory response and its potential contribution to severe malaria syndromes. In this study, we(More)
Antimicrobial drug resistance rates for Mycoplasma pneumoniae was determined in clinical specimens and isolates obtained during 2011-2012 in Ontario, Canada. Of 91 M. pneumoniae drug-resistant specimens, 11 (12.1%) carried nucleotide mutations associated with macrolide resistance in the 23S rRNA gene. None of the M. pneumoniae specimens were resistant to(More)
Ring-stage parasitized erythrocytes (RPEs) were demonstrated to interact with effector cells of the innate immune system. With receptor blockade studies and CD36-null macrophages, human and murine macrophages were shown to phagocytose RPEs through the pattern recognition receptor CD36. These in vitro data implicate scavenger receptors in the clearance of(More)
To the Editor: The New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM-1) was fi rst characterized in 2009 from Kleb-siella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli isolated from a patient in Sweden who had received medical care in New Delhi, India (1). Further studies have shown broad dissemination of this β-lactamase gene (bla NDM-1) in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and the United(More)