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It is ironic that the Ancient Egyptian tombs, once sealed, were not intended to be seen by outsiders. Yet the highly valued and often reproduced tomb decorations have had a profound influence on art and have contributed significantly to our understanding of the Ancient Egyptian culture. This article describes how recent advances in computational and digital(More)
Charge-transfer quenching of the singlet excited states of cyanoaromatic electron acceptors by pyridine is characterized by a driving force dependence that resembles those of conventional electron-transfer reactions, except that a plot of the log of the quenching rate constants versus the free energy of electron transfer is displaced toward the endothermic(More)
Rate constants (k) for exergonic and endergonic electron-transfer reactions of equilibrating radical cations (A(•+) + B ⇌ A + B(•+)) in acetonitrile could be fit well by a simple Sandros-Boltzmann (SB) function of the reaction free energy (ΔG) having a plateau with a limiting rate constant k(lim) in the exergonic region, followed, near the thermoneutral(More)
Electronically excited molecules, being better electron donors and acceptors than their ground states, form charge-transfer complexes (exciplexes) which can lead to radical ions. Exciplex emission is widely used to probe polymers and organized media such as membranes and micelles. Exciplexes are also intermediates in photoreactions that lead to unique(More)
Exciplexes of 9,10-dicyanoanthracene (DCA) with alkylbenzene donors in cyclohexane show structureless emission spectra, typical of exciplexes with predominantly charge-transfer (CT) character, when the donor has a relatively low oxidation potential (Eox ), e.g. hexamethylbenzene (HMB). With increasing Eox and stronger mixing with a locally excited (LE)(More)
As recently proposed, the singlet-excited states of several cyanoaromatics react with pyridine via bonded-exciplex formation, a novel concept in photochemical charge transfer reactions. Presented here are electronic and steric effects on the quenching rate constants, which provide valuable support for the model. Additionally, excited-state quenching in(More)
Accurate oxidation potentials for organic compounds are critical for the evaluation of thermodynamic and kinetic properties of their radical cations. Except when using a specialized apparatus, electrochemical oxidation of molecules with reactive radical cations is usually an irreversible process, providing peak potentials, E(p), rather than(More)
Nanosecond transient absorption methods were used to determine accurate oxidation potentials (E(ox)) in acetonitrile for benzene and a number of its alkyl-substituted derivatives. E(ox) values were obtained from a combination of equilibrium electron-transfer measurements and electron-transfer kinetics of radical cations produced from pairs of benzene and(More)
Photosensitized electron transfer from a variety of singlet- and triplet-excited donors to N-methoxypyridinium salts leads to N-O bond cleavage. Hydrogen atom abstraction by the resulting methoxy radical from an added alcohol generates an alpha-hydroxy radical that reduces another pyridinium molecule, thus leading to chain propagation. For example,(More)
In a landmark publication over 40 years ago, Rehm and Weller (RW) showed that the electron transfer quenching constants for excited-state molecules in acetonitrile could be correlated with the excited-state energies and the redox potentials of the electron donors and acceptors. The correlation was interpreted in terms of electron transfer between the(More)