Samir E. Bishara

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An overview of the incidence and sequelae, as well as the surgical, periodontal, and orthodontic considerations in the management, of impacted canines is presented. The clinician needs to be familiar with the differences in the surgical management of the labially and palatally impacted canines, the best method of attachment to the canine for orthodontic(More)
The removal of ceramic brackets from the enamel surface by means of laser heating was investigated with the use of CO2 and YAG lasers. The two bracket types investigated were polycrystalline alumina and monocrystalline alumina. The average torque force necessary to break the adhesive between the polycrystalline ceramic brackets and the tooth was lowered by(More)
Most cephalometric standards available in the literature are cross-sectional in nature. In the limited number of longitudinal studies reported, the data were presented on a yearly basis. As a result, the orthodontist was faced with the dilemma of either using one cephalometric standard for both males and females and for all age groups or using a large(More)
The growth potential of individuals with Class II malocclusions is of interest to the practicing orthodontist because such malocclusions constitute a significant percentage of cases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate on cross-sectional and longitudinal bases the changes in mandibular length and relationship and maxillary-mandibular relationships in(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the shear bond strengths of orthodontic brackets bonded with one of three methods: (1) a glass ionomer adhesive with a 20% polyacrylic acid enamel conditioner; (2) a composite resin adhesive used with 37% phosphoric acid etchant and a conventional primer; or (3) the same composite resin used with an acidic primer(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the treatment and posttreatment changes in the facial and dental parameters in two groups of patients with Class II, Division 1 malocclusions. In one group (n = 46), the patients were treated with a nonextraction approach, whereas in the second group (n = 45), the treatment included the extraction of four first(More)
The purpose of this study was to use standardized facial photographs to compare the soft tissue profile changes in persons with Class II, Division 1 malocclusions who were treated with either an extraction or a nonextraction treatment modalities. Ninety-one patients (44 extraction and 47 nonextraction) were evaluated using standardized facial photographs,(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the association between the duration of nutritive and nonnutritive sucking behaviors and various occlusal characteristics in the primary dentition. Sucking behavior data were collected on 372 children followed longitudinally from birth by using periodic questionnaires completed by parents. Study models were(More)
The purpose of this study is to compare in vitro the corrosion rate of a standard orthodontic appliance consisting of bands, brackets and either stainless steel or nickel-titanium arch wires. The corrosion products analyzed were nickel and chromium. Evaluation was conducted with the appliances immersed for 4 weeks in a prepared artificial saliva medium at(More)