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Spinocerebellar ataxia 2 (SCA2) is caused by the expansion of an unstable CAG repeat encoding a polyglutamine tract. One hundred and eighty four index patients with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type I were screened for this mutation. We found expansion in 109 patients from 30 families of different geographical origins (15%) and in two isolated cases(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) is a clinically homogenous disorder reported in Quebec caused by mutations in the SACS gene (chromosome 13q12). Recently, we identified a Tunisian kindred demonstrating linkage to the ARSACS locus. OBJECTIVE To report clinical, neurophysiological, and nerve biopsy findings in(More)
Disorganization of the neurofilament network is a prominent feature of several neurodegenerative disorders including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), infantile spinal muscular atrophy and axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Giant axonal neuropathy (GAN, MIM 256850), a severe, autosomal recessive sensorimotor neuropathy affecting both the peripheral(More)
Ataxia with vitamin E deficiency (AVED) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized clinically by neurological symptoms with often striking resemblance to those of Friedreich ataxia. This disorder has been reported previously as familial isolated vitamin E deficiency. We have mapped recently the AVED locus to a 5-cM confidence interval on chromosome 8q(More)
Miyoshi myopathy (MM) is a young-adult-onset, autosomal recessive distal muscular dystrophy initially affecting the plantar flexors. We analyzed 12 MM families, five with consanguineous marriage, for chromosomal linkage using polymorphic microsatellite DNA markers to map the MM gene. A significant lod score was obtained with the 2p12-14 locus D2S291 (Zmax =(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the clinical findings and the genetic linkage mapping of an autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia associated to peripheral neuropathy, showing an early onset cerebellar ataxia with retained tendon reflexes (EOCA) phenotype. BACKGROUND EOCA is a clinical syndrome delimited by Harding distinguished from Friedreich's ataxia (FA) mainly by(More)
We performed linkage analysis between the gene responsible for spinal cerebellar ataxia 1 (SCA1) and the highly polymorphic chromosome 6 locus, D6S89, in 10 French families with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia (ADCA) type 1. These families were clinically indistinguishable except for one family with loss of hearing and vision. Very close linkage was(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform a clinical and genetic study of Tunisian families with autosomal recessive (AR) hereditary spastic paraplegia with thin corpus callosum (HSP-TCC). DESIGN Linkage studies and mutation screening. SETTING Reference Center for Neurogenetics in South and Center Tunisia. PARTICIPANTS Seventy-three subjects from 33 "apparently" unrelated(More)
The authors report a comparative study of peripheral nerve conductions and nerve biopsy and somatosensory evoked potentials between 15 patients with Friedreich's ataxia and 15 patients with Friedreich's ataxia phenotype with selective vitamin E deficiency. The patients in the two groups are of similar age, age of onset, and clinical phenotype. Peripheral(More)
The neuropathological findings in a Tunisian patient with Friedreich's ataxia with vitamin E deficiency are reported. The main histological changes are: (1) spinal sensory system demyelination with neuronal atrophy, axonal spheroids and corpora amylacea; (2) neuronal lipofuscin accumulation in the third cortical layer of the cerebral cortex, thalamus,(More)