Samir Ahmed El-Shazly

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Fibrates, hypolipidemic drugs, have been reported to suppress the metabolic activities of cytochrome P450 1A1 and 1A2 in rats but the mechanism has not been elucidated. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that the inhibitory effect of fibrates on arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR) function may be due to their stimulatory effects on PPARalpha. Sudan(More)
The macrophages from Nramp1 congenic mice and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha(-/-) mice were used to examine the functions of Nramp1 and Tnfa genes in nitric oxide (NO) production and Salmonella typhimurium infection. It was confirmed that the level of inducible NO synthase (iNOS)-mediated NO production in Nramp1(r) peritoneal macrophages was generally(More)
The combination of the KitW or KitW-n mutant alleles and KitS from Mus spretus results in male hybrid sterility with small testes. In the present study, reproduction of the combination between KitW-v and KitS alleles was examined. The KitW-v/KitS male was fertile and the histologic structure was normal; the seminiferous tubules showed all of the normal(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates a spectrum of toxic and biological effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is a member of the nuclear receptor super-family of ligand-activated transcription(More)
The current work was undertaken to settle the debate about the toxicity of artificial sweeteners (AS), particularly aspartame and saccharin. Twenty-five, 7-week-old male Wistar albino rats with an average body weight of 101 ± 4.8 g were divided into a control group and four experimental groups (n = 5 rats). The first and second experimental groups received(More)
Fibrates, hypolipidemic drugs, have been reported to suppress the metabolic activities of cytochrome P450 1A1 and 1A2 in rats but the mechanism has not been elucidated. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that the inhibitory effect of fibrates on arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR) function may be due to their stimulatory effects on PPARα. Sudan III(More)
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates a spectrum of toxic and biological effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is a nuclear receptor involved in the maintenance of lipid and glucose homeostasis. In this(More)
This study was conducted on mice to evaluate the radioprotective role of L-carnitine against γ-ray irradiation-induced testicular damage. Adult male mice were exposed to whole body irradiation at a total dose of 1 Gy. Radiation exposure was continued 24 h a day (0.1 Gy/day) throughout the 10 days exposure period either in the absence and/or presence of(More)
Two congenic strains, C57BL-KitW and C57BL-KitS, were generated. The KitW allele originated from strain WB-KitW and the KitS allele from Mus spretus. The KitW/KitS males showed hybrid sterility with small testes, but the females were fertile. The development of the seminiferous tubules of KitW/KitS males stopped before the spermatocyte stage and they were(More)
The combination of the Kit W mutation and Kit S allele from Mus spretus leads to male hybrid sterility. The effects of other combinations between Kit W and Kit M from Mus m. molossinus or Kit N from Mus m. musculus on male reproductive ability were examined in this study. The Kit W/Kit M and Kit W/Kit N males were fertile and showed the normal pattern of(More)