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We have investigated the role of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in the regulation of antigen-specific T-cell function in patients with cow's milk allergy. The study population consisted of 22 patients, aged from 7.6 to 56.9 months, who had challenge-proven cow's milk allergy (CMA) manifested with either skin (n = 9) or gastrointestinal (n = 13) symptoms. In(More)
PURPOSE The increased prevalence of autoantibodies in patients with epilepsy has been traditionally regarded to be a consequence of antiepileptic drugs. The purpose of this study was to measure autoantibodies in well-defined groups of patients with seizures to determine the effects of epilepsy and antiepileptic medications on the presence of autoantibodies.(More)
OBJECTIVE The release of proinflammatory cytokines has been shown to be associated with the development of complications after coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass. The purpose of the present study was to establish whether ischemic preconditioning (IP) could limit inflammatory cytokines release in patients undergoing elective coronary(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiopulmonary bypass is acknowledged to be one of the major causes of a complex systemic inflammatory response after cardiac surgery, and it may contribute to postoperative complications and even multiple organ dysfunction. We here compared the cytokine responses and the degree of myocardial injury after coronary artery bypass grafting with or(More)
BACKGROUND Food allergy is contemplated in atopic eczema. Early recognition of food allergies is difficult and the diagnosis is often missed because of the non-specificity of symptoms. New non-invasive tests are clearly needed. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS We measured the concentrations of tumour necrosis factor-alpha, eosinophil cationic protein and alpha-1(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the anti-inflammatory and hemodynamic effects of 17beta-estradiol in men undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled. SETTING Operating room and intensive care unit in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-one men undergoing primary, elective CABG surgery. (More)
The CIAO Study ("Complicated Intra-Abdominal infection Observational" Study) is a multicenter investigation performed in 68 medical institutions throughout Europe over the course of a 6-month observational period (January-June 2012).Patients with either community-acquired or healthcare-associated complicated intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) were included(More)
BACKGROUND The precise role of leucocytes in human milk is still unresolved. OBJECTIVE To assist in clarifying the immune mechanisms involved in the development of CMA in suckling infants, we studied the role of immunoregulatory leucocytes and their mediators in human breast milk. METHODS The study population consisted of 43 lactating mothers and their(More)
We sought a relationship between total and cow's milk-specific IgA levels in colostrum and human milk and subsequent development of cow's milk allergy (CMA) in the breast-fed infant. The study included 87 nursing mothers and their infants (age, 2 d to 7 mo), followed prospectively up to 1 y. At 1 y, 48 mothers (69% with an atopic constitution) had an infant(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of allergic intestinal inflammation in infants with food allergy and atopic eczema before and after elimination diet, and to evaluate the use of eosinophil protein X (EPX) and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) in the monitoring of inflammatory activity. METHODS The study material comprised 25(More)