Samia Ragheb

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OBJECTIVES To determine whether patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) have serum antibodies to lipoprotein-related protein 4 (LRP4), a newly identified receptor for agrin that is essential for neuromuscular junction formation, and to establish whether such antibodies contribute to MG pathogenesis. DESIGN Serum samples from patients with MG with known(More)
To determine if patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) have antibodies to agrin, a proteoglycan released by motor neurons and is critical for neuromuscular junction (NMJ) formation, we collected serum samples from 93 patients with MG with known status of antibodies to acetylcholine receptor (AChR), muscle specific kinase (MuSK) and lipoprotein-related 4(More)
B cells are important in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and some of the effects are not dependent on maturation of B cells into immunoglobulin (Ig) producing plasmablasts and plasma cells. B cells present antigen, activate T cells, and are involved in immunoregulation and cytokine secretion. To determine if B cells from MS patients secrete(More)
Cytokines, proteins that are secreted by many cells, including inflammatory and glial cells, mediate interactions between cells, generally through paracrine and autocrine networks. Their effects are highly pleiotropic, with overlap of some activities. The pathogenesis of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), especially the classic inflammatory demyelinating(More)
A subset of human B lymphocytes expresses Leu-1 (CD5), a pan-T cell marker, which is the equivalent of the murine Lyt-1 molecule. CD5+ B cells produce autoantibodies in vitro; therefore, they may play a role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders. In myasthenia gravis (MG), autoantibodies are directed against the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR)(More)
BAFF is a potent B-cell survival factor, and it plays an essential role in B-cell homeostasis and B-cell function in the periphery. Both normal and autoreactive B cells are BAFF dependent; however, excess BAFF promotes the survival, growth, and maturation of autoreactive B cells. When overexpressed, BAFF protects B cells from apoptosis, thereby contributing(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare serum B-cell activating factor (BAFF) levels in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) with those in control subjects without MG. DESIGN Case-control study. Subjects Forty-three patients with MG were compared with control subjects without MG. These included 48 healthy subjects, 25 patients with multiple sclerosis, and 3 patients with(More)
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease characterized by deficits in neuromuscular transmission due to antibody-mediated damage of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR). We examined the in vitro immune response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from MG patients (n=38) and healthy nonmyasthenic subjects (n=31) to epitopes on the alpha-,(More)
The culture of neonatal rat Schwann cells (SC) with unfractionated cytokines induces an increase in SC proliferation. Previous studies demonstrated that while incubation of SC with interleukin-1(IL-1) does not result in enhanced SC mitogenesis, a mixture of antibodies to IL-1 alpha plus IL-1 beta inhibits cytokine-induced proliferation. We undertook the(More)