Learn More
BACKGROUND The bitter taste of midazolam is more acceptable to children when the drug is mixed with fruit juice or syrup. We use a thick grape syrup (Syrpalta), and children are sedated in 10-15 min. A premixed cherry-flavoured midazolam solution (Roche), 2 mg.ml (-1), is currently available. It has been our impression that the premixed midazolam has a(More)
The initial efforts of the Federal Institute for Health Protection of Consumers and Veterinary Medicine (BgVV) and the Free University of Berlin to standardise terminology in the field of developmental toxicology began in 1995. Procedures were undertaken to harmonise the terminology used by the International Federation of Teratology Societies (IFTS) and the(More)
UNLABELLED Two identical, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies enrolled 2061 adult surgical outpatients at high risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) to compare i.v. ondansetron 4 mg with droperidol 0.625 mg and droperidol 1.25 mg for the prevention of PONV. The antiemetic drugs or placebo were administered i.v. 20 min before the(More)
This article is a report on the Fourth Berlin Workshop on Terminology in Developmental Toxicology, which was held in April 2002. The workshop is part of an international project in the field of harmonization of terminology in developmental toxicology supported by IPCS. The goal of the Harmonization Project is to ensure better chemical risk assessment. The(More)
BACKGROUND In pediatric postsurgical patients, postoperative vomiting is a common occurrence that can delay recovery and result in unplanned hospital admissions after outpatient surgery. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study evaluated the efficacy and safety of ondansetron in the control of established postoperative emesis in(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting when a combination of ondansetron and promethazine is given prophylactically, and to ascertain the effect of postoperative nausea and vomiting on recovery room duration and patient satisfaction. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. SETTING(More)
UNLABELLED We assessed the efficacy and safety of ondansetron (0.1 mg/kg IV) prophylactically administered before surgery for prevention of postoperative vomiting (POV) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 670 pediatric patients, 1- to 24-mo-old, undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia. The study enrolled 335 children in each(More)
The high incidence of postoperative emesis after strabismus surgery in pediatric outpatients can be reduced by the prophylactic administration of droperidol 75 micrograms/kg intravenously. However, this may be associated with profound sedation, delayed discharge, dysphoria, agitation, and extrapyramidal symptoms in this population. Because lorazepam used as(More)
BACKGROUND The anesthesia literature cites a high incidence of postoperative vomiting (POV) after pediatric ochidopexy and hernia repair (34-50%) and after penile procedures (37-49%). We hypothesized that regional analgesia combined with avoidance of narcotics administered to children scheduled for lower abdominal or urologic procedures may be associated(More)
UNLABELLED Our purpose was to determine whether endobronchial intubation always causes an immediate increase in peak inflation pressure and, if so, the magnitude of the increase. Fourteen children scheduled for central line placement for prolonged antibiotic administration comprised the study group. After routine premedication and induction of anesthesia(More)