Sami Shousha

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AIMS Prolactin plays an important role in the proliferation and differentiation of normal breast epithelium, and possibly in the development of breast carcinoma. The effects of prolactin are mediated by its receptor; thus, alteration in the expression of this receptor could be important in studying the biology of breast cancer. This investigation was aimed(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with human B cell lymphomas, but is also commonly found in the epithelial cells of undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma. As recent reports have also suggested a wider distribution particularly in lymphoepithelioma-like carcinomas, we investigated its presence in breast carcinomas of varying histology. Using PCR(More)
Oestrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) is an important prognostic marker in breast cancer and endocrine therapies are designed to inhibit or prevent ERalpha activity. In vitro studies have indicated that phosphorylation of ERalpha, in particular on serine 118 (S118), can result in activation in a ligand-independent manner, thereby potentially contributing to(More)
Breast cancer micrometastases in axillary lymph nodes have been detected by serial sectioning and immunohistochemistry, and shown to have prognostic significance. We have used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to see whether we could further improve the detection rate of micrometastases. Fifty-seven axillary lymph nodes from patients with breast cancer were(More)
3′-Deoxy-3′-[18F]fluorothymidine positron emission tomography ([18F]FLT-PET) has been developed for imaging cell proliferation and findings correlate strongly with the Ki-67 labelling index in breast cancer. The aims of this pilot study were to define objective criteria for [18F]FLT response and to examine whether [18F]FLT-PET can be used to quantify early(More)
BACKGROUND Some oestrogen-receptor (ER) positive breast cancers express epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), but whether inhibition of EGFR can suppress proliferation of breast cancer cells and ER function is not known. METHODS In a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised trial of 56 postmenopausal patients with ER-positive and EGFR-positive(More)
PURPOSE Ser(167) was first identified as a major phosphorylation site of the estrogen receptor -alpha (ER) positive in the MCF7 breast cancer cell line. Subsequent studies have shown that Ser(167) phosphorylation is important in the regulation of ER activity and have identified p90RSK and AKT as protein kinases that phosphorylate Ser(167). The purpose of(More)
There is an unmet need to develop imaging methods for the early and objective assessment of breast tumors to therapy. 3'-Deoxy-3'-[18F]fluorothymidine ([18F]FLT)-positron emission tomography represents a new approach to imaging thymidine kinase activity, and hence, cellular proliferation. We compared graphical, spectral, and semiquantitative analytic(More)
The expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(kip1) in human tumors and normal tissues was investigated using a panel of novel anti-p27(kip1) mAbs. An inverse correlation between expression of p27(kip1) and cell proliferation was generally observed after analyzing its expression in 25 different normal human tissues. In some highly proliferative(More)
PURPOSE Estrogen receptor (ER) alpha-positive breast cancer is often treated with endocrine therapy using either antiestrogens or aromatase inhibitors. However, 30% of patients who receive endocrine therapy will derive no benefit from such treatments and may indeed suffer adverse effects. Currently, there are no ways to predict response to such treatments.(More)