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AIMS Prolactin plays an important role in the proliferation and differentiation of normal breast epithelium, and possibly in the development of breast carcinoma. The effects of prolactin are mediated by its receptor; thus, alteration in the expression of this receptor could be important in studying the biology of breast cancer. This investigation was aimed(More)
There is an unmet need to develop imaging methods for the early and objective assessment of breast tumors to therapy. 3'-Deoxy-3'-[18F]fluorothymidine ([18F]FLT)-positron emission tomography represents a new approach to imaging thymidine kinase activity, and hence, cellular proliferation. We compared graphical, spectral, and semiquantitative analytic(More)
A variant form of the human oestrogen receptor (ER) mRNA lacking sequences encoded within exon 5 has been described (Fuqua SAW, Fitzgerald SD, Chamness GC, Tandon AK, McDonnell DP, Nawaz Z, O'Malloy BW, McGuire WL 1991, Cancer Res 51: 105-109). We have examined the expression of the exon 5-deleted ER (HE delta5) mRNA variant in breast biopsies using reverse(More)
Over 30% of ERα breast cancer patients develop relapses and progress to metastatic disease despite treatment with endocrine therapies. The pioneer factor PBX1 translates epigenetic cues and mediates estrogen induced ERα binding. Here we demonstrate that PBX1 plays a central role in regulating the ERα transcriptional response to epidermal growth factor (EGF)(More)
Fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) depends on the fluorescence decay differences between tissues to generate image contrast. In the present study FLIM has been applied to fixed (but unstained) breast cancer tissues to demonstrate the feasibility of this approach for histopathological assessment. As the FLIM method relies on natural autofluorescence, it(More)
The tyrosine kinase receptor, HER2 is a crucial prognostic marker and therapeutic target for breast cancer; however, the downstream targets and biological effectors of HER2 remain unclear. We investigated the relationship between HER2 and the transcription factor FoxM1 in breast cancer. HER2 and FoxM1 expression levels were compared in breast carcinoma cell(More)
Purpose: We showed in preclinical models that thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition leads to redistribution of the nucleoside transporter, ENT1, to the cell membrane and hence increases tissue uptake of [ 18 F]fluorothymidine (FLT). In this study, we assessed for the first time the altered pharmacokinetics of FLT in patients following administration of(More)
This paper examines the expression of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) in the malignant human breast. Semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to assess the level of expression of FGF-2 in a series of 51 patients clinically followed up for a median of 84 months (Luqmani et al, 1992). Immunohistochemistry and(More)
The DEAD-box RNA helicases p68 (DDX5) and p72 (DDX17) have been shown to act as transcriptional co-activators for a diverse range of transcription factors, including estrogen receptor α (ERα). Here, we show that, although both proteins interact with and co-activate ERα in reporter gene assays, siRNA-mediated knockdown of p72, but not p68, results in a(More)
We have used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to measure keratin 19 mRNA in order to detect breast cancer cells invading axillary lymph nodes. In a consecutive series of 125 patients with primary breast cancer, 75 patients had no evidence of lymph node involvement by conventional histology. A total of 530 lymph nodes from these patients were examined and 106(More)