Sami S. Zoghbi

Learn More
The dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia proposes that hyperactivity of dopaminergic transmission is associated with this illness, but direct observation of abnormalities of dopamine function in schizophrenia has remained elusive. We used a newly developed single photon emission computerized tomography method to measure amphetamine-induced dopamine release(More)
The impact of endogenous dopamine on in vivo measurement of D2 receptors in humans was evaluated with single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) by comparing the binding potential (BP) of the selective D2 radiotracer [123I]IBZM before and after acute dopamine depletion. Dopamine depletion was achieved by administration of the tyrosine(More)
The competition between endogenous transmitters and radiolabeled ligands for in vivo binding to neuroreceptors might provide a method to measure endogenous transmitter release in the living human brain with noninvasive techniques such as positron emission tomography (PET) or single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT). In this study, we validated(More)
UNLABELLED This study assesses the feasibility of using SPECT to image intrasynaptic dopamine release in human striatum following dextroamphetamine sulfate (d-amphetamine) challenge testing. METHODS A bolus plus constant infusion administration schedule of the D2 receptor radiotracer [123I]iodobenzamide ([123I]IBZM) was used to obtain a stable baseline(More)
Chronic cannabis (marijuana, hashish) smoking can result in dependence. Rodent studies show reversible downregulation of brain cannabinoid CB(1) (cannabinoid receptor type 1) receptors after chronic exposure to cannabis. However, whether downregulation occurs in humans who chronically smoke cannabis is unknown. Here we show, using positron emission(More)
Previous studies have utilized single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to demonstrate decreased [123I]beta-CIT striatal uptake in idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD) patients. The present study extends this work by examining SPECT outcome measures in a larger group of PD patients with varying disease severity. Twenty-eight L-dopa-responsive PD(More)
OBJECTIVE Evidence of a relationship between genotype and binding availability was assessed for the dopamine and serotonin transporter genes. METHOD The authors assessed dopamine transporter genotype at the SLC6A3 3' variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism and serotonin transporter genotype at the SLC6A4 promotor VNTR polymorphism in 30(More)
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies of regional kinetic uptake and pharmacological specificity of [123I]methyl 3 beta-(4-iodophenyl) tropane-2 beta-carboxylate ([123I]beta-CIT) were performed in nonhuman primates (n = 41). In control experiments, activity was concentrated in striatum and in hypothalamic/midbrain regions. Striatal(More)
We have used in vivo single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the dopamine transporter with 2 beta-carboxymethoxy-3 beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropane ([123I] beta-CIT) to investigate striatal dopamine transporter loss in patients with early Parkinson's disease (PD). Striatal uptake of ([123I] beta-CIT was compared in eight early-PD patients with(More)
UNLABELLED The effect of age on human striatal dopamine (DA) transporters was investigated with SPECT using the ligand [123I]2 beta-carbomethoxy-3 beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropane ([123I]beta-CIT). METHODS Iodine-123-beta-CIT binding in the striatum was examined in 28 healthy human subjects (14 men, 14 women) who ranged in age from 18 to 83 yr. Following(More)