Sami Oikarinen

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We have constructed a genetic map of Arabidopsis lyrata, a self-incompatible relative of the plant model species A. thaliana. A. lyrata is a diploid (n = 8) species that diverged from A. thaliana (n = 5) approximately 5 MYA. Mapping was conducted in a full-sib progeny of two unrelated F(1) hybrids between two European populations of A. lyrata ssp. petraea.(More)
The rapidly increasing incidence of type 1 diabetes implies that environmental factors are involved in the pathogenesis. Enteroviruses are among the suspected environmental triggers of the disease, and the interest in exploring the possibilities to develop vaccines against these viruses has increased. Our objective was to identify enterovirus serotypes that(More)
The epidemiology, transmission and clinical symptoms of human parechoviruses [HPeV, classified earlier as enteroviruses; echovirus 22 (HPeV1) and echovirus 23 (HPeV2)] remain poorly characterized. Enteroviruses and one parechovirus species, the Ljungan virus, have been associated with type 1 diabetes in humans and rodents. The occurrence of human(More)
BACKGROUND PCR techniques have proved to be more sensitive than traditional cell culture in the diagnosis of enterovirus and rhinovirus infections and are widely used in clinical virus laboratories. However, PCR assays are relatively time-consuming and labor intensive, particularly if separate hybridization steps are used to confirm the specificity of(More)
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an immune-mediated process, reflected by the appearance of autoantibodies against pancreatic islets in the peripheral circulation. Detection of multiple autoantibodies predicts the development of diabetes, while positivity for a single autoantibody is a poor prognostic marker. The present study assesses whether positivity for a(More)
Methods for enterovirus sequencing and sequence analysis The 5’NCR of detected enteroviruses was partially sequenced (75 bp). PCR amplicon of the screening PCR (1) was purified using Minelute Gel Extraction kit (Qiagen) and sequenced with fluorescent labeled terminators (BigDye v. 3.1 Applied Biosystems) using an automated sequencer (Applied Biosystems)(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether the detection of enterovirus RNA in blood predicts the development of clinical type 1 diabetes in a prospective birth cohort study. Further, to study the role of enteroviruses in both the initiation of the process and the progression to type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was a nested case-control study where all(More)
AIMS To develop methods for isolation of enterovirus strains from subjects with preclinical Type 1 diabetes and evaluate if their presence in stools is associated with beta-cell damage. METHODS The study subjects were participants of the Finnish Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention Study (DIPP). The prospectively followed birth cohort comprised 12(More)
Enterovirus infections have been linked to type 1 diabetes in several studies. Enteroviruses also have tropism to pancreatic islets and can cause β-cell damage in experimental models. Viral persistence has been suspected to be an important pathogenetic factor. This study evaluates whether gut mucosa is a reservoir for enterovirus persistence in type 1(More)
Enteroviruses (EVs) have been connected to type 1 diabetes in various studies. The current study evaluates the association between specific EV subtypes and type 1 diabetes by measuring type-specific antibodies against the group B coxsackieviruses (CVBs), which have been linked to diabetes in previous surveys. Altogether, 249 children with newly diagnosed(More)