Samer Shalaby

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Upon invasion of a host, fungal pathogens are exposed to a variety of stresses. Plants release reactive oxygen species, and mount a variety of preformed and induced chemical defenses. Phenolic compounds are one example: they are ubiquitous in plants, and an invading pathogen encounters them already at the leaf surface, or for soil-borne pathogens, in the(More)
The transcription factors ChAP1 and Skn7 of the maize pathogen Cochliobolus heterostrophus are orthologs of Yap1 and Skn7 in yeast, where they are predicted to work together in a complex. Previous work showed that in C. heterostrophus, as in yeast, ChAP1 accumulates in the nucleus in response to reactive oxygen species (ROS). The expression of genes whose(More)
The transcription factor ChAP1 of the fungal pathogen of maize, Cochliobolus heterostrophus, responds to oxidative stress by migration to the nucleus and activation of antioxidant genes. Phenolic and related compounds found naturally in the host also trigger nuclear localization of ChAP1, but only slight upregulation of some antioxidant genes. ChAP1 thus(More)
The necrotrophic maize pathogen Cochliobolus heterostrophus senses plant-derived phenolic compounds, which promote nuclear retention of the redox-sensitive transcription factor ChAP1 and alter gene expression. The intradiol dioxygenase gene CCHD1 is strongly upregulated by coumaric and caffeic acids. Plant phenolics are potential nutrients but some of them(More)
The redox-sensitive transcription factor ChAP1 [Cochliobolus heterostrophus YAP1 (Yeast Activator Protein 1) orthologue] of C. heterostrophus is required for oxidative stress tolerance. It is not known, however, to what extent the intracellular redox state changes on exposure of the fungus to oxidants, and whether ChAP1 is involved in the return of the cell(More)
Trichoderma virens is a biocontrol agent used in agriculture to antagonize pathogens of crop plants. In addition to direct mycoparasitism of soil-borne fungal pathogens, T. virens interacts with roots. This interaction induces systemic resistance (ISR), which reduces disease in above-ground parts of the plant. In the molecular dialog between fungus and(More)
Plant aromatic compounds provide signals and a nutrient source to pathogens, and also act as stressors. Structure-activity relationships suggest two pathways sensing these compounds in the maize pathogen Cochliobolus heterostrophus, one triggering a stress response, and one inducing enzymes for their degradation. Focusing on the stress pathway, we found(More)
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