Samer Khateb

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JNK (c-Jun N-terminal kinase) is part of a MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) signalling cascade. Scaffold proteins simultaneously associate with various components of the MAPK signalling pathway and play a crucial role in signal transmission and MAPK regulation. WDR62 (WD repeat domain 62) is a JNK scaffold protein. Recessive mutations within WDR62(More)
Fragile X syndrome, the most common cause of inherited mental retardation, is instigated by dynamic expansion of a d(CGG) trinucleotide repeat in the 5'-untranslated region of the first exon of the FMR1 gene, resulting in its silencing. The expanded d(CGG)(n) tract readily folds into hairpin and tetraplex structures which may contribute to the blocking of(More)
Myogenic transcription is activated by the binding of heterodimers of the basic helix-loop-helix proteins MyoD and E12 or E47 to a consensus E-box sequence, d(CANNTG), in promoter or enhancer regions of muscle-specific genes. Homodimers of MyoD bind E-box less tightly and are less efficient activators of transcription. Recent results from our laboratory(More)
Expansion of a (CGG)n sequence in the 5'-UTR of the FMR1 gene to >200-2000 repeats abolishes its transcription and initiates fragile X syndrome (FXS). By contrast, levels of FMR1 mRNA are 5-10-fold higher in FXS premutation carriers of >55-200 repeats than in normal subjects. Lack of a corresponding increase in the amount of the product FMRP protein in(More)
Hairpin or tetrahelical structures formed by a d(CGG)n sequence in the FMR1 gene are thought to promote expansion of the repeat tract. Subsequent to this expansion FMR1 is silenced and fragile X syndrome ensues. The injurious effects of d(CGG)n secondary structures may potentially be countered by agents that act to decrease their stability. We showed(More)
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