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The cellular immune response to tissue damage and infection requires the recruitment of blood leukocytes. This process is mediated through a classical multistep mechanism, which involves transient rolling on the endothelium and recognition of inflammation followed by extravasation. We have shown, by direct examination of blood monocyte functions in vivo,(More)
The facultative intracellular bacterium Listeria monocytogenes is an invasive pathogen that crosses the vascular endothelium and disseminates to the placenta and the central nervous system. Its interaction with endothelial cells is crucial for the pathogenesis of listeriosis. By infecting in vitro human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) with L.(More)
The clinical phenotype of interleukin 12 receptor beta1 chain (IL-12Rbeta1) deficiency and the function of human IL-12 in host defense remain largely unknown, due to the small number of patients reported. We now report 41 patients with complete IL-12Rbeta1 deficiency from 17 countries. The only opportunistic infections observed, in 34 patients, were of(More)
The clinical phenotype of interleukin 12 receptor ␤ 1 chain (IL-12R ␤ 1) deficiency and the function of human IL-12 in host defense remain largely unknown, due to the small number of patients reported. We now report 41 patients with complete IL-12R ␤ 1 deficiency from 17 countries. The only opportunistic infections observed, in 34 patients, were of(More)
The hly-encoded listeriolysin O (LLO) is a major virulence factor secreted by the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes, which plays a crucial role in the escape of bacteria from the phagosomal compartment. Here, we identify a putative PEST sequence close to the N-terminus of LLO and focus on the role of this motif in the biological activities of(More)
The coordinated migration and maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) such as intraepithelial Langerhans cells (LCs) is considered critical for T cell priming in response to inflammation in the periphery. However, little is known about the role of inflammatory mediators for LC maturation and recruitment to lymph nodes in vivo. Here we show in human(More)
BACKGROUND Primary immunoglobulin deficiencies lead to recurrent bacterial infections of the respiratory tract and bronchiectasis, even with adequate immunoglobulin replacement therapy. It is not known whether patients able to secrete IgM (eg, those with hyper-IgM [HIgM] syndrome) are as susceptible to these infections as patients who lack IgM production(More)
Three major inhibitors of the NF-kappaB/Rel family of transcription factors, IkappaBalpha, IkappaBbeta, and IkappaBepsilon, have been described. To examine the in vivo role of the most recently discovered member of the IkappaB family, IkappaBepsilon, we generated a null allele of the murine IkappaBepsilon gene by replacement of all coding sequences with(More)
To investigate interactions between the endothelium and leukocytes in patients with sepsis, we measured soluble adhesion molecules (sE-selectin and sICAM-1), von Willebrand factor antigen (vWf:Ag), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and lactoferrin (Lacto-f) as plasma markers of endothelial and neutrophil activation. We tested whether the five proteins were predictors(More)
The facultative intracellular bacterial pathogen Listeria monocytogenes induces severe fetal infection during pregnancy. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms allowing the maternofetal transmission of bacteria. In this work, we studied fetoplacental invasion by infecting mice with various mutants lacking virulence factors involved in the(More)