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The cellular immune response to tissue damage and infection requires the recruitment of blood leukocytes. This process is mediated through a classical multistep mechanism, which involves transient rolling on the endothelium and recognition of inflammation followed by extravasation. We have shown, by direct examination of blood monocyte functions in vivo,(More)
To investigate interactions between the endothelium and leukocytes in patients with sepsis, we measured soluble adhesion molecules (sE-selectin and sICAM-1), von Willebrand factor antigen (vWf:Ag), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and lactoferrin (Lacto-f) as plasma markers of endothelial and neutrophil activation. We tested whether the five proteins were predictors(More)
The clinical phenotype of interleukin 12 receptor beta1 chain (IL-12Rbeta1) deficiency and the function of human IL-12 in host defense remain largely unknown, due to the small number of patients reported. We now report 41 patients with complete IL-12Rbeta1 deficiency from 17 countries. The only opportunistic infections observed, in 34 patients, were of(More)
The coordinated migration and maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) such as intraepithelial Langerhans cells (LCs) is considered critical for T cell priming in response to inflammation in the periphery. However, little is known about the role of inflammatory mediators for LC maturation and recruitment to lymph nodes in vivo. Here we show in human(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative intracellular pathogen that is able to invade the central nervous system causing meningoencephalitis and brain abscesses. The mechanisms allowing bacteria to cross the blood-brain barrier are poorly understood. In this work, we used an experimental model of acute listeriosis in the mouse inducing a reproducible(More)
Cholesterol-dependent cytolysins (CDCs) are produced by a large number of pathogenic Gram-positive bacteria. Most of these single-chain proteins are secreted in the extracellular medium. Among the species producing CDCs, only two species belonging to the genus Listeria (Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria ivanovii) are able to multiply intracellularly and(More)
1 Laboratory of Human Genetics of Infectious Diseases, University René Descartes INSERM U550, Necker Medical School, 2 INSERM U429, 3 INSERM U411, and 4 Pediatric Immunology and Hematology Unit, Necker Hospital, and 5 Department of Molecular Medicine, Institut Pasteur, 75015 Paris, France 6 MRC Center for Immune Regulation, The Medical School, University of(More)
The facultative intracellular bacterium Listeria monocytogenes is an invasive pathogen that crosses the vascular endothelium and disseminates to the placenta and the central nervous system. Its interaction with endothelial cells is crucial for the pathogenesis of listeriosis. By infecting in vitro human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) with L.(More)
The hly-encoded listeriolysin O (LLO) is a major virulence factor secreted by the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes, which plays a crucial role in the escape of bacteria from the phagosomal compartment. Here, we identify a putative PEST sequence close to the N-terminus of LLO and focus on the role of this motif in the biological activities of(More)
Listeriolysin O (LLO) is a pore-forming cytolysin secreted by the pathogen Listeria monocytogenes and is required for its intracellular survival. We recently demonstrated that in endothelial cells, LLO activates the NF-kappaB signalling pathway. In this work, we studied the LLO-induced molecular cascade of NF-kappaB activation with a cellular model(More)