Learn More
The cellular immune response to tissue damage and infection requires the recruitment of blood leukocytes. This process is mediated through a classical multistep mechanism, which involves transient rolling on the endothelium and recognition of inflammation followed by extravasation. We have shown, by direct examination of blood monocyte functions in vivo,(More)
The facultative intracellular bacterium Listeria monocytogenes is an invasive pathogen that crosses the vascular endothelium and disseminates to the placenta and the central nervous system. Its interaction with endothelial cells is crucial for the pathogenesis of listeriosis. By infecting in vitro human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) with L.(More)
Three major inhibitors of the NF-kappaB/Rel family of transcription factors, IkappaBalpha, IkappaBbeta, and IkappaBepsilon, have been described. To examine the in vivo role of the most recently discovered member of the IkappaB family, IkappaBepsilon, we generated a null allele of the murine IkappaBepsilon gene by replacement of all coding sequences with(More)
The clinical phenotype of interleukin 12 receptor beta1 chain (IL-12Rbeta1) deficiency and the function of human IL-12 in host defense remain largely unknown, due to the small number of patients reported. We now report 41 patients with complete IL-12Rbeta1 deficiency from 17 countries. The only opportunistic infections observed, in 34 patients, were of(More)
The facultative intracellular bacterial pathogen Listeria monocytogenes induces severe fetal infection during pregnancy. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms allowing the maternofetal transmission of bacteria. In this work, we studied fetoplacental invasion by infecting mice with various mutants lacking virulence factors involved in the(More)
Cholesterol-dependent cytolysins (CDCs) are produced by a large number of pathogenic Gram-positive bacteria. Most of these single-chain proteins are secreted in the extracellular medium. Among the species producing CDCs, only two species belonging to the genus Listeria (Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria ivanovii) are able to multiply intracellularly and(More)
To investigate interactions between the endothelium and leukocytes in patients with sepsis, we measured soluble adhesion molecules (sE-selectin and sICAM-1), von Willebrand factor antigen (vWf:Ag), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and lactoferrin (Lacto-f) as plasma markers of endothelial and neutrophil activation. We tested whether the five proteins were predictors(More)
BACKGROUND Primary immunoglobulin deficiencies lead to recurrent bacterial infections of the respiratory tract and bronchiectasis, even with adequate immunoglobulin replacement therapy. It is not known whether patients able to secrete IgM (eg, those with hyper-IgM [HIgM] syndrome) are as susceptible to these infections as patients who lack IgM production(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative intracellular pathogen that is able to invade the central nervous system causing meningoencephalitis and brain abscesses. The mechanisms allowing bacteria to cross the blood-brain barrier are poorly understood. In this work, we used an experimental model of acute listeriosis in the mouse inducing a reproducible(More)
The hly-encoded listeriolysin O (LLO) is a major virulence factor secreted by the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes, which plays a crucial role in the escape of bacteria from the phagosomal compartment. Here, we identify a putative PEST sequence close to the N-terminus of LLO and focus on the role of this motif in the biological activities of(More)