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Modelling load bearing in diarthrodial joints is challenging, due to the complexity of the materials, the boundary and interface conditions and the geometry. The articulating surfaces are covered with cartilage layers that are filled with a fluid that plays a major role in load bearing [Mow, V.C., Holmes, M.H., Lai, W.M. (1984) "Survey article: fluid(More)
Pulmonary artery constriction (PAC), a model of right ventricular (RV) pressure overload, flattens or inverts the septum and may flatten the left ventricular (LV) free wall. Finite element (FE) analysis predicts that such deformations may cause substantial compression. This study tests the hypothesis that deformation-induced myocardial compressive stress(More)
Scoliosis affects about 1-3% of the adolescent population, with 80% of cases being idiopathic. There is currently a lack of understanding regarding the biomechanics of scoliosis, current treatment methods can be further improved with a greater understanding of scoliosis growth patterns. The objective of this study is to develop a finite element model that(More)
Micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT) images can be used to quantitatively represent bone geometry through a range of computed attenuation-based parameters. Nonetheless, those parameters remain indirect indices of bone microarchitectural strength and require further computational tools to interpret bone structural stiffness and potential for mechanical(More)
This paper presents a novel technique for parameterizing malformation of the torso in scoliosis. Scoliosis is complex 3 dimensional deformity of the spine in which the trunk distorts because of the internal spinal deformity. Thus monitoring the distortion in the external torso would be beneficial in tracking important changes and possibly predicting the(More)
BACKGROUND The Nice knot is a bulky double-stranded knot. Biomechanical data supporting its use as well as the number of half hitches required to ensure knot security is lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS Nice knots with, one, two, or three half-hitches were compared with the surgeon's and Tennessee slider knots with three half hitches. Each knot was tied 10(More)
A harmonic synergy between the load-bearing and stabilizing components of the spine is necessary to maintain its normal function. This study aimed to investigate the load-sharing along the ligamentous lumbosacral spine under sagittal loading. A 3D nonlinear detailed Finite Element (FE) model of lumbosacral spine with realistic geometry was developed and(More)
The biomechanics of the patellofemoral (PF) joint is complex in nature, and the aetiology of such manifestations of PF instability as patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is still unclear. At this point, the particular factors affecting PFPS have not yet been determined. This study has two objectives: (1) The first is to develop an alternative geometric(More)
Sit-to-stand transfer is a common prerequisite for many daily tasks. Literature often assumes symmetric behavior across the left and right side. Although this assumption of bilateral symmetry is prominent, few studies have validated this supposition. This pilot study uniquely quantifies peak joint moments and ground reaction forces (GRFs), using a Euclidian(More)