Sameer Tilak

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In future smart environments, wireless sensor networks will play a key role in sensing, collecting, and disseminating information about environmental phenomena. Sensing applications represent a new paradigm for network operation, one that has different goals from more traditional wireless networks. This paper examines this emerging field to classify(More)
In a sensor network, the infrastructure (in terms of the sensor capabilities, number of sensors, and deployment strategy) plays a significant role in determining the performance of the network. In this paper, we study the effect of infrastructure decisions on the performance of a sensor network. We study the effect of the infrastructure for two types of(More)
In existing directional MAC protocols a single queue is used at the MAC layer; this is inherited from omnidirectional implementations. However, while there is a single channel state in omnidirectional transmission (either the channel is busy or not), the state of the channel varies with the desired direction of transmission in directional antennas. Thus,(More)
The environmental science and engineering communities are actively engaged in planning and developing the next generation of large-scale sensor-based observing systems. These systems face two significant challenges: heterogeneity of instrumentation and complexity of data stream processing. Environmental observing systems incorporate instruments across the(More)
Localization is a fundamental operation in mobile and self-configuring networks such as sensor networks and mobile ad hoc networks. For example, sensor location is often critical for data interpretation; moreover, network protocols, such as geographic routing and geographic storage require individual sensors to know their coordinates. Existing research(More)
The ability of a sensor node to determine its physical location within a network (Localization) is of fundamental importance in sensor networks. Interpretating data from sensors will not be possible unless the context of the data is known; this is most often accomplished by tracking its physical location. Existing research has focused on localization in(More)
Future smart environments will be characterized by multiple nodes that sense, collect, and disseminate information about environmental phenomena through a wireless network. In this paper, we define a set of applications that require a new form of distributed knowledge about the environment, referred to as non-uniform information granularity. By non-uniform(More)
Studying animal movement and distribution is of critical importance to addressing environmental challenges including invasive species, infectious diseases, climate and land-use change. Motion sensitive camera traps offer a visual sensor to record the presence of a species at a location, recording their movement in the Eulerian sense. Modern digital camera(More)
1New York State Museum, Albany, NY, USA 2Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panama 3California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2), University of California, San Diego, CA, USA 4Max Plank Institute for Ornithology, Radolfzell, Germany 5E-Obs, Gruenwald, Germany 6Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA(More)