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iii Abstract In early 2010, the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) science collaboration initiated a study to investigate the physics potential of the experiment with a broad set of different beam, near-and far-detector configurations. Nine initial topics were identified as scientific areas that motivate construction of a long-baseline neutrino(More)
BACKGROUND Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a condition that has always been perceived to be rare in Asia. The aim of this systematic review was to gather the current available evidence on the incidence of VTE in this population. A secondary aim was to assess the efficacy of pharmacological prophylaxis, and hence determine its role, in the Asian population.(More)
PURPOSE To compare endovascular (EVR) to open repair (OR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) for cytokine activation, changes in the intestinal mucosal barrier, and renal dysfunction. METHODS In a prospective nonrandomized study, 15 patients admitted to a university hospital for elective infrarenal AAA repair (8 OR and 7 EVR) were recruited. Intestinal(More)
BACKGROUND Adult pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a major hepato-biliary infection. We aim to identify risk factors associated with therapy failure. METHODS Retrospective study of 741 PLA patients (2001-2011) and comparison with earlier data (1994-1997). Risk factors associated with therapy failure were identified with multivariate analysis. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Although day-case laparoscopic cholecystectomy can save bed costs, its safety has to be established. The aim of this meta-analysis is to assess the advantages and disadvantages of day-case surgery compared with overnight stay in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS Randomized clinical trials addressing the above(More)
Cronkhite-Canada syndrome is one of the rare causes of multiple polyposis, characterised by generalised gastrointestinal polyposis, cutaneous hyperpigmentation, alopecia, and nail dystrophy.' Although Cronkhite and Canada described it for the first time in 1955, little is known about its aetiology and the prognosis remains poor. We describe a case of(More)
BACKGROUND Although day-case elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy can save bed costs, its safety remains to be established. OBJECTIVES To assess the safety and benefits of day-case surgery compared to overnight stay in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Although day-case elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy can save bed costs, its safety remains to be established. OBJECTIVES To assess the safety and benefits of day-case surgery compared to overnight stay in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal treatment for patients with suspected biliary dyskinesia is controversial. Some studies found that cholecystectomy produced symptomatic improvement in patients with gallbladder dyskinesia (diagnosed by low gallbladder ejection fraction) while others found no significant benefit. Some studies have shown that gallbladder ejection(More)
BACKGROUND Large size is a predictor of failure of percutaneous drainage (PD) for pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). This article serves to establish the safety and sufficiency of PD in giant PLA (GPLA). METHODS A retrospective review of all GPLA patients treated at a tertiary care academic hospital from 2001 to 2011 was performed. A GPLA is defined as an(More)