Samara Eve Soghoian

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Mobile phone penetration rates have reached 63% in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and are projected to pass 70% by 2013. In SSA, millions of people who never used traditional landlines now use mobile phones on a regular basis. Mobile health, or mHealth, is the utilization of short messaging service (SMS), wireless data transmission, voice calling, and smartphone(More)
OBJECTIVE Internal use of 'camphor' is a potential public health concern in Accra. We sought to identify the toxins being sold as mothballs in Greater Accra and use this information to help educate both clinicians and the public. METHODS Mothballs are commonly sold by street and marketplace vendors in unmarked cling film-wrapped packs. Fifteen small packs(More)
Ethylene glycol classically produces an elevated anion gap metabolic acidosis. We report a series of patients with ethylene glycol toxicity with a component of non-anion gap metabolic acidosis without known associated confounding factors. A retrospective review of Poison Control Center records were searched more than 8 years (2000-2007) for ethylene glycol(More)
UNLABELLED The emergence of prothrombotic agents (e.g. activated factor VII) to treat traumatic brain injury (TBI) requires a better understanding of the association of coagulopathy with isolated head injury (IHI). OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of IHI and coagulopathy. METHODS Prospective, observational study in an urban level I trauma(More)
PURPOSE A case of barium sulfate injection into the superior vena cava during an upper gastrointestinal series (UGIS) in which the patient's central venous line (CVL) was mistaken for her gastrostomy tube is reported. SUMMARY A 17-month-old girl was brought to the fluoroscopy suite to undergo a UGIS with barium sulfate contrast. Her medical history(More)
INTRODUCTION Base deficit (BD) is a validated surrogate for lactate in injured patients and correlates with trauma severity. Stewart proposed a more comprehensive measure of acidosis based on the strong ion difference (SID) (SID = Na + K + Mg + Ca - CL - lactate [mEq/L]). We compared operating characteristics of BD, anion gap (AG), and SID in identifying(More)
BACKGROUND Increase in lactate (LAC) within the central nervous system after head trauma is an established marker of traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVE To investigate the utility of arterial base deficit (BD) and LAC in identifying TBI in patients with isolated head injury (IHI). MATERIALS AND METHODS TBI was defined as Glasgow Coma Scale < or =8,(More)
BACKGROUND The current Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic has ravaged the social fabric of three West African countries and affected people worldwide. We report key themes from an agenda-setting, multi-disciplinary roundtable convened to examine experiences and implications for health systems in Ghana, a nation without cases but where risk for spread is(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the impact of New York City's (NYC's) 2004 carbon monoxide (CO) alarm legislation on CO incident detection and poisoning rates. METHODS We compared CO poisoning deaths, hospitalizations, exposures reported to Poison Control, and fire department investigations, before and after the law for 2000 to 2010. Use of CO alarms was(More)
Emergency Department (ED) overcrowding has become a global concern as the number of countries with formalized emergency care systems has expanded, and the burden of trauma and non-communicable diseases in low and middle-income countries increased. In light of this, the international Emergency Medicine literature has outlined the need for operational(More)