Samantha L. Yuen

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Smooth muscle relaxation in response to NO signaling is due, in part, to a Ca(2+)-independent activation of myosin light chain (MLC) phosphatase by protein kinase G Iα (PKGIα). MLC phosphatase is a trimeric complex of a 20-kDa subunit, a 38-kDa catalytic subunit, and a 110-133-kDa myosin-targeting subunit (MYPT1). Alternative mRNA splicing produces four(More)
The vascular response to NO is due, in part, to a Ca(2+) independent activation of myosin light chain (MLC) phosphatase, a trimeric enzyme of 20kDa, 38kDa catalytic and 110-130kDa myosin targeting (MYPT1) subunits. Alternative mRNA splicing produces MYPT1 isoforms that differ by the presence or absence of a central insert (CI) and a leucine zipper (LZ), and(More)
The participation of nonmuscle myosin in force maintenance is controversial. Furthermore, its regulation is difficult to examine in a cellular context, as the light chains of smooth muscle and nonmuscle myosin comigrate under native and denaturing electrophoresis techniques. Therefore, the regulatory light chains of smooth muscle myosin (SM-RLC) and(More)
A rat model of low myocardial blood flow was established to test the hypothesis that post-translational changes to proteins of the thin and thick muscle filaments correlate with decreased cardiac contractility. Following 3 days of low blood flow by constriction of the left anterior descending artery, rat hearts demonstrated a reduction in fractional(More)
The contractile phenotype of a smooth muscle can broadly be classified as phasic or tonic. Following activation, phasic smooth muscle exhibits an initial period of rapid force activation, following which force falls to a lower steady state level. In contrast, force generated by tonic smooth muscle rises slowly to a sustained steady state. The differences in(More)
A robust high-throughput screening (HTS) strategy has been developed to discover small-molecule effectors targeting the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA), based on a fluorescence microplate reader that records both the nanosecond decay waveform (lifetime mode) and the complete emission spectrum (spectral mode), with high precision and(More)
Background MLC phosphatase is a trimeric enzyme composed of a catalytic subunit, a 20-kDa subunit of unknown function, and a myosin targeting subunit (MYPT1). During NO stimulation, PKGIa mediated phosphorylation of MYPT1 increases MLC phosphatase activity, which produces a decrease in force. Further, alternative splicing of a 3’ exon produces two MYPT1(More)
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