Samantha J. Richardson

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In the adult the interface between the cerebrospinal fluid and the brain is lined by the ependymal cells, which are joined by gap junctions. These intercellular connections do not provide a diffusional restrain between the two compartments. However, during development this interface, initially consisting of neuroepithelial cells and later radial glial(More)
Recovery from severe spinal injury in adults is limited, compared to immature animals who demonstrate some capacity for repair. Using laboratory opossums (Monodelphis domestica), the aim was to compare proteomic responses to injury at two ages: one when there is axonal growth across the lesion and substantial behavioural recovery and one when no axonal(More)
Previous studies demonstrate a positive correlation between pesticide usage and Parkinson’s disease (PD), which preferentially targets dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons. In order to examine the potential relationship between two common pesticides and specific neurodegeneration, we chronically (24 h) or acutely (30 min) exposed two Caenorhabditis elegans (C.(More)
Vitamin A (retinol) is vital for the normal development and function of many tissues in the body including the eye. The purpose of this project was to characterize the retinal anatomy and function of the transthyretin (TTR) null mouse. Mice lacking TTR have been constructed by homologous recombination. Immunocytochemistry was performed to localize short and(More)
1. The major protein synthesized and secreted by the choroid plexus from mammals, birds, reptiles and probably amphibians is similar in subunit structure to transthyretin. 2. In mammals and birds the proportion of transthyretin mRNA is much higher in choroid plexus RNA than in liver RNA. No transthyretin mRNA is found in brain outside the choroid plexus. 3.(More)
The evolution of the expression and the structure of the gene for transthyretin, a thyroxine-binding plasma protein formerly called prealbumin, was studied in three marsupial species: the South American polyprotodont Monodelphis domestica, the Australian polyprotodont Sminthopsis macroura and the Australian diprotodont Petaurus breviceps. The transthyretin(More)
Thyroid hormones are key players in regulating brain development. Thus, transfer of appropriate quantities of thyroid hormones from the blood into the brain at specific stages of development is critical. The choroid plexus forms the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier. In reptiles, birds and mammals, the main protein synthesized and secreted by the choroid(More)
Thyroid hormones are essential for vertebrate development. There is a characteristic rise in thyroid hormone levels in blood during critical periods of thyroid hormone-regulated development. Thyroid hormones are lipophilic compounds, which readily partition from an aqueous environment into a lipid environment. Thyroid hormone distributor proteins are(More)
Structure and function were studied for Crocodylus porosus transthyretin (crocTTR), an important intermediate in TTR evolution. The cDNA for crocTTR mRNA was cloned and sequenced and the amino acid sequence of crocTTR was deduced. In contrast to mammalian TTRs, but similar to avian and lizard TTRs, the subunit of crocTTR had a long and hydrophobic(More)
Often, we elucidate evolutionary processes backwards, starting with eutherian mammals and gradually climbing down the evolutionary tree to those species who have survived since long before mammals evolved. This is also true for elucidating the evolution of specific proteins, in this case, the protein currently known as "transthyretin" (TTR). TTR was first(More)