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A cell culture model for the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier in choroid plexus was developed. The relationship between synthesis and secretion of transthyretin across a layer of epithelial cells derived from rat choroid plexus and the transport of T4 was analyzed in a two-chamber system. Choroid plexus cells were dispersed and placed on a porous filter(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) belongs to a group of proteins, which includes thyroxine-binding globulin and albumin, that bind to and transport thyroid hormones in the blood. TTR is also indirectly implicated in the carriage of vitamin A through the mediation of retinol-binding protein (RBP). It was first identified in 1942 in human serum and cerebrospinal fluid and(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) is responsible for a major part of the binding of thyroid hormone to proteins in the plasma in amphibian tadpoles. To characterize the binding properties of amphibian TTRs, the effects of 17 hydrophobic signaling molecules, including 6 endocrine disruptors, on 3,5,3'-l-[(125)I]triiodothyronine ([(125)I]T(3)) binding to plasma proteins(More)
Thyroid hormones are involved in the regulation of growth and metabolism in all vertebrates. Transthyretin is one of the extracellular proteins with high affinity for thyroid hormones which determine the partitioning of these hormones between extracellular compartments and intracellular lipids. During vertebrate evolution, both the tissue pattern of(More)
Xenopus laevis transthyretin (xTTR) cDNA was cloned and sequenced. The derived amino acid sequence was very similar to those of other vertebrate transthyretins (TTR). TTR gene expression was observed during metamorphosis in X. laevis tadpole liver but not in tadpole brain nor adult liver. Recombinant xTTR was synthesized in Pichia pastoris and identified by(More)
In the adult the interface between the cerebrospinal fluid and the brain is lined by the ependymal cells, which are joined by gap junctions. These intercellular connections do not provide a diffusional restrain between the two compartments. However, during development this interface, initially consisting of neuroepithelial cells and later radial glial(More)
Transthyretin, a protein synthesized and secreted by the choroid plexus and liver, binds thyroid hormones in extracellular compartments. This binding prevents accumulation of thyroid hormones in the lipids of membranes, establishing extracellular thyroid hormone pools for the distribution of the hormones throughout the body and brain. The N-termini of the(More)
Thyroxine, the most abundant thyroid hormone in blood, partitions into lipid membranes. In a network-like system, thyroxine-binding plasma proteins counteract this partitioning and establish intravascular, protein-bound thyroxine pools. These are far larger than the free thyroxine pools. In larger eutherians, proteins specifically binding thyroxine are(More)
We investigated the relationship between glucocorticoids, thyroid hormones, and outer ring and inner ring deiodinases (ORD and IRD) during embryonic development in the saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). We treated the embryos with the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone (Dex), 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T(3)), and a combination of these two hormones(More)
A chicken liver cDNA library was constructed in bacteriophage lambda gt10. A full-length transthyretin cDNA clone was identified by screening with rat transthyretin cDNA and was sequenced. A three-dimensional model of chicken transthyretin was obtained by computer-graphics-based prediction from the derived amino acid sequence for chicken transthyretin and(More)