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In the adult the interface between the cerebrospinal fluid and the brain is lined by the ependymal cells, which are joined by gap junctions. These intercellular connections do not provide a diffusional restrain between the two compartments. However, during development this interface, initially consisting of neuroepithelial cells and later radial glial(More)
Xenopus laevis transthyretin (xTTR) cDNA was cloned and sequenced. The derived amino acid sequence was very similar to those of other vertebrate transthyretins (TTR). TTR gene expression was observed during metamorphosis in X. laevis tadpole liver but not in tadpole brain nor adult liver. Recombinant xTTR was synthesized in Pichia pastoris and identified by(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC) hormones cause pronounced T cell apoptosis, particularly in immature thymic T cells. This is possibly due to tissue-specific regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene. In mice the GR gene is transcribed from five separate promoters designated: 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, and 1E. Nearly all cells express GR from promoters 1B-1E, but the(More)
Thyroid hormones (THs) are fundamental in regulation of growth and development, particularly of the brain. THs are required for full proliferative activity of neural stem cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of adult mouse brains, and also affect the normal fate of progenitor cells: apoptosis. Transthyretin (TTR) is a TH distributor protein in the blood(More)
Recovery from severe spinal injury in adults is limited, compared to immature animals who demonstrate some capacity for repair. Using laboratory opossums (Monodelphis domestica), the aim was to compare proteomic responses to injury at two ages: one when there is axonal growth across the lesion and substantial behavioural recovery and one when no axonal(More)
Previous studies demonstrate a positive correlation between pesticide usage and Parkinson’s disease (PD), which preferentially targets dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons. In order to examine the potential relationship between two common pesticides and specific neurodegeneration, we chronically (24 h) or acutely (30 min) exposed two Caenorhabditis elegans (C.(More)
1. The major protein synthesized and secreted by the choroid plexus from mammals, birds, reptiles and probably amphibians is similar in subunit structure to transthyretin. 2. In mammals and birds the proportion of transthyretin mRNA is much higher in choroid plexus RNA than in liver RNA. No transthyretin mRNA is found in brain outside the choroid plexus. 3.(More)
The evolution of the expression and the structure of the gene for transthyretin, a thyroxine-binding plasma protein formerly called prealbumin, was studied in three marsupial species: the South American polyprotodont Monodelphis domestica, the Australian polyprotodont Sminthopsis macroura and the Australian diprotodont Petaurus breviceps. The transthyretin(More)
Vitamin A (retinol) is vital for the normal development and function of many tissues in the body including the eye. The purpose of this project was to characterize the retinal anatomy and function of the transthyretin (TTR) null mouse. Mice lacking TTR have been constructed by homologous recombination. Immunocytochemistry was performed to localize short and(More)
Thyroid hormones are key players in regulating brain development. Thus, transfer of appropriate quantities of thyroid hormones from the blood into the brain at specific stages of development is critical. The choroid plexus forms the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier. In reptiles, birds and mammals, the main protein synthesized and secreted by the choroid(More)