Samantha J. Richardson

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Binding of radioactive thyroxine to proteins in the plasma of vertebrates was studied by electrophoresis followed by autoradiography. Albumin was found to be a thyroxine carrier in the blood of all studied fish, amphibians, reptiles, monotremes, marsupials, eutherians (placental mammals), and birds. Thyroxine binding to transthyretin was detected in the(More)
A cell culture model for the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier in choroid plexus was developed. The relationship between synthesis and secretion of transthyretin across a layer of epithelial cells derived from rat choroid plexus and the transport of T4 was analyzed in a two-chamber system. Choroid plexus cells were dispersed and placed on a porous filter(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) belongs to a group of proteins, which includes thyroxine-binding globulin and albumin, that bind to and transport thyroid hormones in the blood. TTR is also indirectly implicated in the carriage of vitamin A through the mediation of retinol-binding protein (RBP). It was first identified in 1942 in human serum and cerebrospinal fluid and(More)
Thyroxine, the most abundant thyroid hormone in blood, partitions into lipid membranes. In a network-like system, thyroxine-binding plasma proteins counteract this partitioning and establish intravascular, protein-bound thyroxine pools. These are far larger than the free thyroxine pools. In larger eutherians, proteins specifically binding thyroxine are(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) is a tetrameric protein involved in the distribution of thyroid hormones in vertebrates. The amino acid sequence of TTR is highly conserved across vertebrates. Hypothetical TTR-like proteins (TLPs) were inferred from the identification of genes in nonvertebrate species. Here, we identified five motifs defining TLPs and three motifs(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) is responsible for a major part of the binding of thyroid hormone to proteins in the plasma in amphibian tadpoles. To characterize the binding properties of amphibian TTRs, the effects of 17 hydrophobic signaling molecules, including 6 endocrine disruptors, on 3,5,3'-l-[(125)I]triiodothyronine ([(125)I]T(3)) binding to plasma proteins(More)
Thyroid hormones are involved in growth and development, particularly of the brain. Thus, it is imperative that these hormones get from their site of synthesis to their sites of action throughout the body and the brain. This role is fulfilled by thyroid hormone distributor proteins. Of particular interest is transthyretin, which in mammals is synthesized in(More)
Xenopus laevis transthyretin (xTTR) cDNA was cloned and sequenced. The derived amino acid sequence was very similar to those of other vertebrate transthyretins (TTR). TTR gene expression was observed during metamorphosis in X. laevis tadpole liver but not in tadpole brain nor adult liver. Recombinant xTTR was synthesized in Pichia pastoris and identified by(More)
The mechanism of binding of thyroid hormones by the transport protein transthyretin (TTR) in vertebrates is structurally well characterised. However, a homologous family of transthyretin-like proteins (TLPs) present in bacteria as well as eukaryotes do not bind thyroid hormones, instead they are postulated to perform a role in the purine degradation pathway(More)
mTOR is a serine/threonine kinase that regulates cell growth, metabolism, proliferation, and survival. mTOR complex-1 (mTORC1) and mTOR complex-2 (mTORC2) are critical mediators of the PI3K-AKT pathway, which is frequently mutated in many cancers, leading to hyperactivation of mTOR signaling. Although rapamycin analogues, allosteric inhibitors that target(More)