Samantha J Hardy

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Migration of dendritic cells (DC) from sentinel sites to lymphoid tissue entails the initiation and coordination of a complex series of cytoskeletal rearrangements resulting in polarised protrusion, formation of new adhesion points, and detachment. Although many diverse receptor-ligand interactions stimulating DC maturation and migration have been(More)
Regulated migration and spatial localization of dendritic cells (DCs) are critical events during the initiation of physiologic immune responses and maintenance of tolerance. Here we have used cells deficient in the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) to demonstrate the importance of dynamic remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton for these trafficking(More)
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) is mutated in the severe immunodeficiency disease Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS). The function of B cells and the physiologic alterations in WAS remain unclear. We show that B cells from WAS patients exhibited decreased motility and had reduced capacity to migrate, adhere homotypically, and form long protrusions(More)
Microcystis aeruginosa produces toxic cyclic peptides called microcystins, potent hepatotoxins that have been implicated in tumor promotion in skin and liver. The model used in this investigation was the azoxymethane (AOM)-induced aberrant crypt focus (ACF) in the male C57Bl/6J mouse colon. Three intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of 5 mg/kg AOM were(More)
The effects of exogenous long chain fatty acids (LCFA) and very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) on superoxide production by human neutrophils were compared. Superoxide production was greater and more rapid in response to arachidonic (20:4 (n-6)), eicosapentanoic (20:5 (n-3)), and docosahexanoic (22:6 (n-3)) acids than for triacontatetranoic (30:4 (n-6)),(More)
To determine the role of integrins in mature osteoblasts in vivo, we expressed in transgenic mice a dominant-negative integrin subunit (beta1-DN) consisting of the beta1 subunit cytoplasmic and transmembrane domains, driven by the osteoblast-specific osteocalcin promoter. Immature osteoblasts isolated from transgenic animals differentiated normally in vitro(More)
The n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) appear to have antiinflammatory properties that can be partly explained by their biological activity on leukocytes. Since leukocyte emigration is an essential component of the inflammatory response, we have examined the effects of the n-3 PUFA (eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids) on neutrophil random and(More)
Docosahexaenoic (22:6 n-3) and eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5 n-3) stimulated the oxygen-dependent respiratory burst in intact neutrophils in a dose-dependent manner as measured by either superoxide dismutase (SOD)-inhibitable cytochrome c reduction and lucigenin-dependent chemiluminescence. A number of longer chain hexaenoic acids isolated from ram testis (22(More)
Fatty acids with more than 22 carbon atoms (very-long-chain fatty acids; VLCFAs) are normal cellular components that have been implicated in the pathophysiology of a number of peroxisomal disorders. To date, however, essentially nothing is known regarding their biological activities. Ca2+ mobilization is an important intracellular signalling system for a(More)
A variety of fatty acids including the cis-polyunsaturated very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) (> 22 carbon atoms) common in retina, spermatozoa, and brain were examined for their ability to activate protein kinase C (PKC) purified from rat brain. Arachidonic [20:4(n-6)], eicosapentaenoic [20:5(n-3)], and docosahexaenoic [22:6(n-3)] acids as well as the(More)