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We measured the breathing pattern of normal subjects, asymptomatic smokers, asymptomatic and symptomatic asthmatic patients, and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, restrictive lung disease, primary pulmonary hypertension and anxiety state utilizing respiratory inductive plethysmography. Respiratory rate was increased above the normal in(More)
Ventilatory monitoring devices that require mouthpiece breathing produce a rise in tidal volume (VT), a fall in frequency (f) and alterations in periodicity and variability of breathing components. Together with the introduction of the respiratory inductive plethysmograph, a reliable noninvasive monitoring device of ventilation, major advances have taken(More)
We devised a new calibration procedure [least squares method (LSQ)] for respiratory inductive plethysmography (RIP) and compared it with our previously reported simultaneous equation method (SEQ) of analyzing data in 2 body positions and with the method of Stagg and associates using the analysis of individual breaths in a single body position. The values(More)
Lipiodol, a derivative of poppy seed oil, has been used angiographically to improve visualisation of small liver tumours. We have utilised this finding to determine whether intrahepatic arterial injection of lipiodol can be used as a vehicle to deliver selectively 131I into liver tumours. Two groups of rats were studied. Group 1 (control, no liver tumour)(More)
Survival benefit from hepatic artery embolization (HAE) or hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAI) in patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastases has not previously been assessed in a randomized controlled trial. Sixty-one patients were randomized, 20 to receive no treatment, 22 to receive HAE, and 19 to receive HAI with 5-fluorouracil and(More)
The variability of three methods of calculating pulmonary capillary blood flow (Qc) and pulmonary tissue plus capillary blood volume (Vt) during rebreathing was assessed in normal humans by using as markers acetylene, ethyl iodide, and dimethyl ether. The methods of analysis were as follows. Method I, the timing of the disappearance curves of the soluble(More)
This study was undertaken to determine whether the resistance to nasal airflow and differences in oronasal distribution of ventilation at rest and during exercise alter the pattern of breathing. We observed six normal subjects, six patients with symptomatic allergic rhinitis, and six patients with asymptomatic bronchial asthma (three men and three women in(More)
We evaluated the possible role of slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) in mediating mucociliary dysfunction in allergic asthma. In 6 asymptomatic nonsmokers with ragweed asthma, we measured specific airway conductance (SGaw) and tracheal mucous velocity (TMV) before and after bronchial challenge with ragweed extract, with or without pretreatment(More)