Samantha Harvey

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Two volatile constituents of male mouse urine, dehydro-exo-brevicomin and 2-(sec-butyl)-dihydrothiazole, have been found active in bioassays of inter-male aggressive behavior. The two synthetic compounds act synergistically when added to castrated male urine but not when added to water, and they provoke fighting that is quantitatively and qualitatively(More)
Two volatile constituents of male mouse urine, 2-(sec-butyl)-4,5-dihydrothiazole and dehydro-exo-brevicomin, were synthesized and tested for their ability to induce estrous cycle in female mice (the Whitten effect). The suppression of ovarian cycling activity that resulted from grouping the females was abolished by exposure to normal male urine. The(More)
BACKGROUND Olfactorily mediated puberty acceleration in female mice (measured by an increase in uterine weight) has been observed since the 1960s without the active chemosignal being structurally identified. There are many controversies in the literature as to whether this male-originated pheromone is a volatile substance. We investigated the chemical(More)
Okanagan Lake, south-central interior of BC, contains two reproductive ecotypes of kokanee Oncorhynchus nerka; individuals spawn in tributary streams ('stream-spawners') as well as on shoreline gravel areas ('beach-spawners'). We tested the hypothesis that these sympatric ecotypes comprise a single panmictic population by assaying variation in morphological(More)
While assessing a potential role of adrenal glands in the production of the hitherto unidentified puberty-delaying pheromone of female mice, the urinary volatile profiles of normal and adrenalectomized animals were quantitatively compared. Six components, whose concentrations were depressed after adrenalectomy, were identified: 2-heptanone,(More)
Remediation efforts for the oil spill from the Exxon Valdez tanker in Alaska have focused on the use of pressurized water at high temperature to remove oil from the beaches. We have tested a biological surfactant from Pseudomonas aeruginosa for its ability to remove oil from contaminated Alaskan gravel samples under various conditions, including(More)
Intensity resolution and loudness matching behavior for pure tones was studied in quiet and in two levels of noise (15 and 40 dB spectrum level) to test the predictions of several models for relating these phenomena. Five normally hearing listeners participated. The Weber functions in noise were elevated compared to the ones in quiet when comparisons were(More)
Since the development of simple, aqueous protocols for the synthesis of anisotropic metal nanoparticles, research into many promising, valuable applications of gold nanorods has grown considerably, but a number of challenges remain, including gold-particle yield, robustness to minor impurities, and precise control of gold nanorod surface chemistry. Herein(More)
Three isomeric enol ethers are among those constituents apparently unique to mouse urine as identified by gas chromatographic analysis. These compounds appear to be artifacts arising from the cyclization and dehydration of 6-hydroxy-6-methyl-3-heptanone. Identification of the trimethylsilyl ether of 6-hydroxy-6-methyl-3-heptanone in the silylated ether(More)
Delaying the return of a speaker's vocal output to his ears (the auditory feedback) radically changes his speech (1). The present report concerns the effect of delayed auditory feedback on simple key-tapping tasks. Evidence is presented which indicates that changes in speech and key tapping under delayed auditory feedback are analogous.
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