Samantha E. Gillard

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Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection is associated with numerous effects on the nervous system, including pain and peripheral neuropathies. We now demonstrate that cultured rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons express a wide variety of chemokine receptors, including those that are thought to act as receptors for the HIV-1 coat protein(More)
The pharmacological properties of voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC) subtypes appear mainly to be determined by the alpha1 pore-forming subunit but, whether P-and Q-type VDCCs are encoded by the same alpha1 gene presently is unresolved. To investigate this, we used IgG antibodies to presynaptic VDCCs at motor nerve terminals that underlie muscle(More)
Treatment of cerebellar neurones in culture with an antisense oligonucleotide (ODN) against alpha1A, reduced the whole-cell P-type calcium channel current relative to mismatch ODN treated controls (p < 0.001). Therefore, AgaIVA (50 nM) reduced whole-cell calcium current in mismatch and antisense treated cells by 70 +/- 4 and 19 +/- 3%, respectively.
In this study, we examined chemokine receptor expression and function in rat cerebellar neurons. Calcium imaging experiments demonstrated that a wide variety of chemokines elicited [Ca(2+)](i) transients in acutely isolated and cultured cerebellar Purkinje and granule neurons. In many cases, these chemokine responses were pertussis toxin (PTX) insensitive.(More)
It has been hypothesized that R-type Ca currents result from the expression of the alpha(1E) gene. To test this hypothesis we examined the properties of voltage-dependent Ca channels in mice in which the alpha(1E) Ca channel subunit had been deleted. Application of omega-conotoxin GVIA, omega-agatoxin IVA, and nimodipine to cultured cerebellar granule(More)
This study investigated the distribution of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in meningeal and parenchymal microvasculature and in choroid plexus by means of Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. Western blot analysis demonstrated mGluR expression in both rat and human leptomeningeal tissues. In the rat, mGluR expression was(More)
1Mouse Cancer Genetics Program, National Cancer Institute-Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Frederick, Maryland 21702, 2Department of Neurobiology, Pharmacology, and Physiology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, 3Eli Lilly and Company, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285, and 4Eli Lilly and Company, Erl(More)
We examined the ability of different G protein subunits to inhibit the activity of human alpha1B and alpha1E Ca2+ channels stably expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells together with beta1B and alpha2Bdelta Ca2+ channel subunits. Under normal conditions, Ca2+ currents in alpha1B-expressing cells showed little facilitation after a depolarizing(More)
Neuronal voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs) each comprising of alpha 1, alpha 2 delta, and beta subunits, are one mechanism by which excitable cells regulate the flux of calcium ions across the cell membrane following depolarisation Studies have shown the expression of several alpha 1 and beta subtypes within neuronal tissue. The comparative(More)
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