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Enhanced sensitivity to the chromosome-damaging effects of ionizing radiation is a feature of many cancer-predisposing conditions. We previously showed that 42% of an unselected series of breast cancer patients and 9% of healthy control subjects showed elevated chromosomal radiosensitivity of lymphocytes irradiated in the G2 phase of the cell cycle. We(More)
Previous work has indicated a role for p53 in cell cycle control, genomic stability and cellular responses to DNA-damaging agents. However, few data are available for human fibroblasts heterozygous for defined germline mutations in TP53. We report studies on 25 strains derived from 12 families with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) and 18 strains from normal(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the proliferative activity within the epithelial cells of the normal human breast in 122 patients (6 reduction mammoplasties and 116 fibroadenoma excisions) in relation to age and the phase of the menstrual cycle. Thirty three of the patients were on oral contraceptives and 33 were parous. Thin tissue slices were(More)
The intrinsic radiosensitivity of cervical carcinoma has been measured using a soft agar clonogenic assay. All patients received radical radiotherapy alone with a minimum of 2 years post-treatment follow-up. Only women with stage I, II and III disease were included in the analysis. Values for cell surviving fraction at 2 Gy (SF2) were obtained for 88(More)
A study was made of the prognostic value of pretreatment measurements of tumour radiosensitivity (surviving fraction at 2 Gy, SF2) in 128 patients with stage I-III carcinomas of the uterine cervix undergoing radiotherapy. The median follow-up time was 47 months. In a univariate analysis stratifying patients according to the median value, radiosensitivity(More)
Hypoxic tumors are known to be more malignant, to be more likely to metastasize, and to have a poor prognosis. They are also radio- and chemoresistant. For this reason, it is desirable that a clinically useful marker of hypoxia is found, so that treatment with radiotherapy and bioreductive chemotherapy can be rationally applied to individual patients.(More)
BACKGROUND Inactivating mutations of the gene RS1 lead to X-linked retinoschisis, a progressive retinal dystrophy characterised by schisis within the inner layers of the neuroretina. The mutation spectrum is large and the phenotype variable. AIM To determine whether there is a correlation between mutation type and disease severity. METHODS We identified(More)
Intra-tumoural heterogeneity of proliferation has been assessed by taking multiple biopsies from 30 colorectal cancers. Following in vivo IUDR labelling, dual parameter flow cytometry was used to measure tumour DNA index (DI) and labelling index (LI) and to derive DNA synthesis time (Ts) and potential doubling time (Tpot). Heterogeneity was seen for all(More)
An assessment has been made of the reproducibility of measuring tumour proliferation using in vivo iododeoxyuridine (IUdR) labelling and flow cytometry. The variation that occurs between different institutions (Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Manchester and the Gray Laboratory, Northwood), different observers and different runs on the same flow(More)