Samaneh Sarraf Shirazi

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In this paper, a mathematical modeling of the swallowing sound generation is presented. To evaluate the model, its application on swallowing disorder (dysphagia) diagnosis is discussed. As a starting point, a simple linear time invariant model is assumed to represent the pharyngeal wall and tissue excited by a train of impulses. The modeling is approached(More)
In this study, the feasibility of acoustical analysis for detection of swallowing silent aspiration is investigated. As a pilot study, we analyzed the breath sounds of 21 dysphagic individuals, 11 of which demonstrated aspiration during the fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) or videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). We found that the(More)
Swallowing aspiration is known as the most clinically significant symptom of swallowing disorders (dysphagia). Noninvasive methods for detection of aspiration (the entry of food into airway due to dysphagia) are of great interest as they will lead to better management of dysphagia; thus, the risk of pneumonia, length of hospital stay and overall health care(More)
The clinical syndrome of stress ulceration has been studied for years using rodent cold restraint stress models, although the pathogenesis of the characteristic focal gastric mucosal lesions produced in these models has been controversial. We used gastric strain gauges to characterize fully the gastric motility effects of a 4-h cold restraint protocol, and(More)
The large intestine extracts water from chyme and compacts chyme into faecal conglomerates; it is unclear what role the special pockets known as colonic haustra have in these events. Here we monitored the movements of haustra in isolated preparations of guinea pig caecum using videocamera and ultrasound and related them to contractions of muscle flaps and(More)
In this paper, a robust stereo matching technique using growing component seeds has been proposed in order to find a semi-dense disparity map. In the proposed algorithm only a fraction of the disparity space is checked to find a semi-dense disparity map. The method is a combination of both the feature based and the area based matching algorithms. The(More)
Detecting aspiration after swallows (the entry of bolus into trachea) is often a difficult task particularly when the patient does not cough; those are called silent aspiration. In this study, the application of acoustical analysis in detecting silent aspiration is investigated. We recorded the swallowing and the breath sounds of 10 individuals with(More)
In this paper the statistical properties of the swallowing sound is discussed. This knowledge is required for the acoustical modeling of the swallowing mechanism as it is important to select an appropriate type of the system (i.e. linear vs. nonlinear) for modeling. The tests of linearity and gaussianity were performed. The results of the statistical test(More)
The movements of the obstructed oesophagus are abnormal, but whether this relates to the disease causing the obstruction, to the altered load conditions or to abnormal neuromuscular functions in hypertrophic smooth muscle is unclear. In an opossum model of chronic oesophageal obstruction, we compared the mechanical responsiveness of hypertrophic smooth(More)