Sam W. Peterson

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In temperate climates, the cost of providing feed is greater in winter than in other seasons, causing ewes to be fed restricted rations during some periods of pregnancy. Epidemiological information indicates that undernutrition of the fetus may affect its health and performance in later life (i.e., fetal programming), and these effects may be passed between(More)
The objective was to examine myogenesis in two situations expected to be characterized by maternal constraint: (i) in fetuses due to be born in spring (n=10) or autumn (n=10); and (ii) in single (n=16) and twin (n=20) fetal lambs. Maternal constraint operating through limitation of placental size, as measured by placentome weight per fetus, was evident in(More)
Previous studies have implied that myonuclei accumulation in a muscle is more important than myofibre number in the determination of muscle size in fetal/neonatal lambs. However, due to the lack of a reliable marker, the role of myogenic precursor nuclei (satellite cells) in myofibre hypertrophy in late fetal and postnatal life is not well understood. In(More)
The mammary gland is a dynamic organ that undergoes dramatic physiological adaptations during the transition from late pregnancy to lactation. Investigation of the molecular basis of mammary development and function will provide fundamental insights into tissue remodelling as well as a better understanding of milk production and mammary disease. This is(More)
Many environmental factors applied postnatally are known to affect milk production of the dam, but to date, the effects of different fetal environments on subsequent first lactational performance of the offspring have not been reported. Four hundred fifty heavy (H; 60.8 kg +/- 0.18) and 450 light (L; 42.5 kg +/- 0.17) dams were randomly allocated to ad(More)
Muscle growth, myofibre number, type and morphometry were studied in large hindlimb muscles of single and twin fetal lambs during mid to late gestation. Placental insufficiency, evident by lower total placentome weight and number per fetus, resulted in reduced fetal weights from 100 to 140 days gestation in twins compared with singletons (at 140 days: 5016(More)
The mammary gland is a complex tissue consisting of multiple cell types which, over the lifetime of an animal, go through repeated cycles of development associated with pregnancy, lactation and involution. The mammary gland is also known to be sensitive to maternal programming by environmental stimuli such as nutrition. The molecular basis of these(More)
Photodynamic therapy regimens, which use light-activated molecules known as photosensitizers, are highly selective against many malignancies and can bypass certain challenging therapeutic resistance mechanisms. Photosensitizers such as the small cationic molecule EtNBS (5-ethylamino-9-diethyl-aminobenzo[a]phenothiazinium chloride) have proven potent against(More)
Bone formation and loss are related to the strain imposed on bone by muscle forces. Bone mineral content (BMC) and lean mass (LM) of fetal lambs was determined at day 140 of pregnancy in 8 groups of ewes, which were of either large or small body size, on either high (ad libitum) or maintenance pasture intake from day 21 of pregnancy, or carrying either(More)
Studies using sheep models indicate that the fetal mammary gland is sensitive to maternal nutrition during gestation; however, results have been inconsistent and do not identify critical feeding periods. This study aimed to clarify previous findings by partitioning the period of maternal nutritional manipulation into 2 stages: early and mid-to-late(More)