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Recently, we demonstrated that myricetin exhibits cytoprotective effects against H(2)O(2)-induced cell damage via its antioxidant properties. In the present study, myricetin was found to inhibit H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis in Chinese hamster lung fibroblast (V79-4) cells, as shown by decreased apoptotic bodies, nuclear fragmentation, sub-G(1) cell(More)
Tanshinones are a group of diterpenoids found in the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge which has been used to treat cardiac disease. In the present study, we investigated the effect of the tanshinone congeners, tanshinone I, tanshinone IIA, cryptotanshinone, and 15, 16-dihydrotanshinone I, on learning and memory impairments induced by scopolamine (1 mg/kg,(More)
Flavonoids are naturally occurring polyphenolic compounds that have many biological properties, including antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. Here, we report that amentoflavone significantly reduced cell death induced by staurosporine, etoposide and sodium nitroprusside in neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. In post-natal day 7 rats,(More)
Licorice (the root of Glycyrrhizae plant) has been used as an oriental herbal medicine for thousands of years. The licorice flavonoid components are reported to possess immunomodulatory activities. In this present study, we investigated the immunomodulatory effects of liquiritigenin (LG) and liquiritin (LQ), licorice flavonoid components, against(More)
Nodakenin is a coumarin compound initially isolated from the roots of Angelica gigas. In the present study, we investigated the effects of nodakenin on learning and memory impairments induced by scopolamine (1 mg/kg, i.p.) using the passive avoidance test, the Y-maze test, and the Morris water maze test in mice. Nodakenin (10 mg/kg, p.o.) administration(More)
Oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) induces DNA base modifications and DNA strand breaks. In this study, the protective effect of baicalein against H2O2-induced DNA damage was investigated in V79-4 Chinese hamster fibroblast cells. H2O2 treatment increased the levels of intracellular ROS and DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and decreased(More)
For the purpose of the development of a skin-whitening agent, Sophora flavescens was evaluated for tyrosinase inhibitory activity and its active principles were identified following activity-guided isolation. The ethanol extract and dichloromethane fraction from S. flavescens showed significant inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase. From the dichloromethane(More)
Ginkgetin, a biflavone from Ginkgo biloba leaves, was previously reported to be a phospholipase A(2) inhibitor and this compound showed the potent antiarthritic activity in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis as well as analgesic activity. This investigation was carried out to find effects on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in vitro effect. Ginkgetin inhibits COX-2(More)
Demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin are the main active ingredients isolated from Curcumae Longae Radix. Recent studies demonstrated that both compounds exhibit antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects as well as effects on cancer cell lines. In this study, we compared the activities of demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin, and both(More)
The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family is involved in the breakdown of the extracellular matrix during normal physiological processes such as embryonic development, reproduction, and tissue remodeling, as well as in disease processes such as pathological aging, arthritis, and metastasis. Oxidative conditions generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) (e.g.,(More)