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Femtosecond and nanosecond lasers were compared for ablating brass alloys. All operating parameters from both lasers were equal except for the pulse duration. The ablated aerosol vapor was collected on silicon substrates for particle size measurements or sent into an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. The diameters and size distribution of(More)
A low half-wave voltage V(pi) of 1.57 V was obtained with a 2-cm-long birefringent polymer waveguide modulator at a wavelength of 1.3 microm by use of a modulator design with a constant-bias electric field and a high-microbeta chromophore. The design allows the maximum achievable electro-optic coefficient of the material to be utilized. This electro-optic(More)
Electron number density and temperature were determined from laser-induced plasmas produced by irradiating Al-Cu-Fe targets of a quasicrystal and of an alloy of similar composition. The Al(I) atomic emission spectra of the two systems were measured as a function of the distance from the target and of the time delay after laser irradiation. Differences of(More)
In this paper, we propose the concept of standardization of brain CT image and introduce a kind of standardization method based on geometry correction technique. To work out the method, first we preprocessed the raw CT image, second automatically searched the control points which were used for establishing the correction equation, and last we completed the(More)
The proportion of zinc and copper in particles formed by laser ablation of brass was found to vary with the particle diameter. Energy-dispersive X-ray analysis showed that smaller particles were zinc enhanced while larger particles were composed mostly of copper. A model based on condensation of vapor onto large droplets ejected from a melted liquid layer(More)
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