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PURPOSE Ventral hernia repair (VHR) lacks standardization of care and exhibits variation in delivery. Complications of VHR, notably recurrence and infection, increase costs. Efforts at obtaining federal funding for VHR research are frequently unsuccessful, in part due to misperceptions that VHR is not a clinical challenge and has minimal impact on(More)
The problem of blue-green algal toxin contamination of recreational waters and drinking water catchments is well described, as is the potential contamination of associated seafood. Algal contamination of Victorian waterways is now a widespread annual occurrence and, in some regions, the intersection of blooms and commercial fishing threatens the food safety(More)
This study aimed to classify the responses of single units in the auditory midbrain to acoustic stimuli presented in the free field in order to characterize those units likely to have a role in sound localization in the horizontal plane. The responses of 131 single units in the inferior colliculus of the cat and the brush-tailed possum were studied using(More)
Much is known of the sources and manner of termination of ascending and descending input to the inferior colliculus (IC) but its commissural connections are less well understood. Most studies of the commissure have utilized small lesions or tracer deposits; while all agree that commissural axons terminating in the IC do so in its superficial and dorsomedial(More)
The responses to changes in stimulus azimuth of 204 neurons in the inferior colliculus of the cat with best frequencies of less than 3 kHz were studied. Three main unit classes were identified: omnidirectional units uninfluenced by speaker azimuth (39%); multipeaked units with several azimuthal regions at which peak firing occurred (9%); and(More)
Much of the forest remaining in South East Asia has been selectively logged. The processes promoting species coexistence may be the key to the recovery and maintenance of diversity in these forests. One such process is the Janzen-Connell mechanism, where specialized natural enemies such as seed predators maintain diversity by inhibiting regeneration near(More)
Mid-sagittal histological sections of the cerebellar vermis were prepared for light microscopy from six patients with Wernicke's encephalopathy, 13 alcoholics and 16 normal controls. From Nissl stained sections, the Wernicke's encephalopathy group was found to have a significant 29% lower Purkinje cell count relative to controls, while the alcoholic group(More)
A quantitative histological study was made of the cerebellar vermis in 10 male alcoholic and 8 age-matched control cases. The mean Purkinje cell loss was 21% in the alcoholic group. The small rostral and caudal lobes were most severely affected. The mean Purkinje cell density per unit length of foliae showed similar changes. Histological measurements of the(More)
The sensitivity of rat cerebellar Purkinje cells to ethanol exposure during fetal, neonatal or adult life was assessed by histological techniques. Pregnant female rats were exposed to ethanol vapour during the last 2 weeks of gestation. Purkinje cells were counted 5 days after the pups were born. The number of Purkinje cells in lobe VIII was reduced by 45%,(More)
Rats which received acetaldehyde by intraperitoneal injection on a single occasion sustained neural degeneration in the cerebral cortex detectable with both light and electron microscopy. The degeneration was more intense and included the hippocampus when acetaldehyde exposure was given on 5 consecutive days in the form of ethanol vapor inhalation and(More)