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1. Coronary endothelial cells were isolated from adult guinea-pig hearts (Nees, Gerbes & Gerlach, 1981) and the electrical properties of primary cultures were studied using the tight-seal whole-cell recording mode of the patch clamp technique. 2. On the third or fourth day in culture whole-cell clamp records from single coronary endothelial cells were(More)
The morphological, biochemical and functional characterization of the vascular endothelium has become possible through the broad use of electron microscopic methods, the successful elaboration and application of techniques for the isolation and cultivation of endothelial cells in vitro and through sophisticated studies on vessel and organ preparations, both(More)
  • S Nees
  • 1989
With the aid of specially developed methods it has become possible to differentiate the purine metabolism of the heart at the level of the different myocardial tissues. This permits an evaluation of the biochemical mechanisms postulated by the adenosine hypothesis of the metabolic regulation of coronary blood flow. It is now clear that the coronary(More)
Cultured coronary endothelial cells and the coronary endothelium of isolated perfused guinea-pig hearts are characterized by a very active adenosine and adenine nucleotide metabolism. Adenosine applied to the endothelium at low concentrations is avidly metabolized and preferentially incorporated into different nucleotide pools--only a minor amount is(More)
Viable and homogeneous endothelial cells were obtained from isolated guinea pig hearts by application of a special perfusion technique of the coronary system with an isotonic collagenase-trypsin solution and subsequent purification of the dissociated cells by Percoll density gradient centrifugation. The coronary endothelial cells were grown in tissue(More)
Clostridium perfringens cells were cultivated on a large scale using an automatic system. Neuraminidase secreted by the cells into the culture medium was purified 380 000-fold by: precipitation with ammonium sulfate between 50 and 85% saturation, filtration on Sephadex G-75, electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gel, and by isoelectric focusing. Three enzyme(More)
Clostridium perfringens cells were cultivated on a large scale using an automatic system. 2) N-Acetylneuraminate lyase, which is a cytosolic enzyme, was liberated from the bacteria by cell lysis using lysozyme in hypotonic solution. The enzyme was purified 770-fold by precepitation with ammonium sulfate, filtration on Sephadex A-50 and final preparative(More)
Adenosine, applied to the coronary system of guinea pigs at up to 10(-6) M, elicits dilatation solely via an endothelium-mediated process. We investigated the role of coronary A2 receptors in this dilation, since the coronary endothelium possesses adenosine A2-receptors with a stimulatory action on the adenylate cyclase. In situ, A2 receptor stimulation can(More)
Adenosine and the adenosine receptor agonists, R- and S-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine (R- and S-PIA) and 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA), enhanced [3H]cAMP accumulation in [3H]adenine-labelled cultured endothelial cells isolated from the microvasculature of guinea pig hearts. As shown by their concentration-response curves, NECA was a more potent(More)