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The micro-macro paradox has been revived. Despite broadly positive evaluations at the micro and meso-levels, recent literature doubts the ability of foreign aid to foster economic growth and development. This paper assesses the aid-growth literature and, taking inspiration from the program evaluation literature, we re-examine key hypotheses. In our(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM, PRISM III-12, and PRISM III-24) systems and the Pediatric Index of Mortality (PIM and PIM2) systems for use in comparing the risk-adjusted mortality of children after admission for pediatric intensive care in the United Kingdom. METHODS All PICUs in the United Kingdom were invited to participate.(More)
This paper confirms recent evidence of a positive impact of aid on growth and widens the scope of evaluation to a range of outcomes including proximate sources of growth (e.g., physical and human capital), indicators of social welfare (e.g., poverty and infant mortality), and measures of economic transformation (e.g., share of agriculture and industry in(More)
The aim of this study was to determine diabetes care processes and intermediate clinical outcomes in a remote primary care service in 2009 compared with 2004. A retrospective review of diabetes care from January 2009 to January 2010 was conducted using a chronic disease register (Project Ferret). Completeness of ascertainment was verified by a manual audit(More)
Would you like some good reading? We recommend an article by Barbara Starfi eld, pediatrician and one of the nation’s foremost clinical epidemiologists. Her comprehensive review of the literature on systems of effective health care is in The Milbank Quarterly.3 Here’s what our country needs: 1. Patient-Centered Medical Homes. Ubiquitous physician-directed(More)
as its first research and training centre and started work in Helsinki, Finland in 1985. The Institute undertakes applied research and policy analysis on structural changes affecting the developing and transitional economies, provides a forum for the advocacy of policies leading to robust, equitable and environmentally sustainable growth, and promotes(More)
Controversy over the aggregate impact of foreign aid has focused on reduced form estimates of the aid-growth link. The causal chain, through which aid affects developmental outcomes including growth, has received much less attention. We address this gap by: (i) specifying a structural model of the main relationships; (ii) estimating the impact of aid on a(More)