Sam J. Wharton

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Optimisation and comparison of the performance of three different methods for calculating three-dimensional susceptibility maps of the whole brain from gradient-echo (phase and modulus) image data acquired at 7 T is described. The methods studied are a multiple-orientation method in which image data acquired with the head at several different angles to the(More)
A method for calculating quantitative three-dimensional susceptibility maps from field measurements acquired using gradient echo imaging at high field is presented. This method is based on division of the three-dimensional Fourier transforms of high-pass-filtered field maps by a simple function that is the Fourier transform of the convolution kernel linking(More)
Using a Fourier-based method for rapidly calculating the spatially varying magnetic field perturbation generated by a general susceptibility distribution, chi(r)<<1, maps of the NMR frequency variation in a structured phantom, the human cortex and mid-brain structures have been simulated and compared with experimental data acquired at 7 T. The results from(More)
Recent work has shown a dramatic contrast between GM and WM in gradient echo phase images at high field (7 T). Although this contrast is key to the exploitation of phase in imaging normal and pathological tissue, its origin remains contentious. Several sources for this contrast have been considered including iron content, myelin, deoxy-hemoglobin, or(More)
Fiber orientation mapping through diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a powerful MRI-based technique for visualising white matter (WM) microstructure in the brain. Although DTI provides a robust way to measure fiber orientation, it has some limitations linked to the use of EPI read-outs and long diffusion encoding periods, including relatively low spatial(More)
Calibration of the BOLD signal is potentially of great value in providing a closer measure of the underlying changes in brain function related to neuronal activity than the BOLD signal alone, but current approaches rely on an assumed relationship between cerebral blood volume (CBV) and cerebral blood flow (CBF). This is poorly characterised in humans and(More)
Histological studies have shown a relatively high iron concentration in the subthalamic nucleus (STN). T2- and T2*-weighted sequences have previously been used to visualize the STN in vivo. The phase information of gradient-echo images reflects the magnetic tissue properties more directly, e.g., iron is more paramagnetic than water. Unfortunately, phase(More)
The measurement of venous cerebral blood oxygenation (Yv) has potential applications in the study of patient groups where oxygen extraction and/or metabolism are compromised. It is also useful for fMRI studies to assess the stimulus-induced changes in Yv, particularly since basal Yv partially accounts for inter-subject variation in the haemodynamic response(More)
PURPOSE To study iron deposition in the substantia nigra (SN) and red nuclei (RN), in patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) and relapsing remitting MS (RRMS) and healthy controls (HC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Iron deposition was assessed using susceptibility maps and T2*-w images acquired at high resolution MRI at 7 Tesla (T). Mean intensities(More)
Blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a powerful technique, typically based on the statistical analysis of the magnitude component of the complex time-series. Here, we additionally interrogated the phase data of the fMRI time-series and used quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) in order to investigate(More)
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