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Regional cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen extraction ratio (OER), oxygen utilization (CMRO2) and blood volume (CBV) were measured in a group of 34 healthy volunteers (age range 22-82 yrs) using the 15O steady-state inhalation method and positron emission tomography. Between subjects CBF correlated positively with CMRO2, although the interindividual(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined the pattern of cerebral blood flow observed in chronic schizophrenic patients while they performed a paced verbal fluency task. Such tasks engage a distributed brain system associated with willed action. Since willed action is impaired in many chronic schizophrenic patients we hypothesised that task performance would be(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen utilisation, fractional oxygen extraction (OER) and cerebral blood volume (CBV) were measured by positron emission tomography (PET) in 21 patients with occlusive carotid artery disease. In the same patients, measurements of cerebral CO2 reactivity were performed using the intravenous xenon-133 technique. A(More)
Regional cerebral [11C]3-O-methyl-D-glucose ([11C]MeG) uptake kinetics have been measured in five insulin-dependent diabetic patients and four normal controls using positron emission tomography (PET). Concomitant measurement of regional cerebral blood volume and CBF enabled corrections for the presence of intravascular [11C]MeG signal in cerebral regions of(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow, oxygen consumption and glucose consumption were measured by positron emission tomography in six young autistic men. No significant differences were found between patients and normal controls for any of the physiological variables. The results do not substantiate the previous finding of glucose hypermetabolism in autism; the(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow, blood volume, fractional oxygen extraction and oxygen consumption were measured by positron emission tomography in six patients with sickle cell disease to see how oxygen delivery to the brain is maintained in the presence of both anemia and a low oxygen affinity hemoglobin. Both regional cerebral blood flow and blood volume(More)
At the global scale, high magnitude – low frequency natural disasters are a damaging phenomenon. There is growing recognition that successful disaster response strategies depend upon access to real-time spatial data/information that can be effectively utilized by not only relief agencies but also by local decision makers. Currently, many local and regional(More)
Cerebral oxygen and glucose metabolism have been studied in 8 patients with biochemically defined mitochondrial myopathies and 7 normal control subjects using positron emission tomography. Four patients had myopathy alone and 4 had predominantly central nervous system (CNS) disease. Cerebral oxygen and glucose metabolism were measured concurrently in the(More)
The follow-up of 89 patients with spontaneous intracerebral haematomas was studied by computed tomography (CT). The aetiology of the haemorrhage was found to be hypertension in 52 cases, vascular malformation in 14 cases, and two haematomas were due to anticoagulant therapy. The lesion visible on CT consisted of an area of increased density surrounded by a(More)