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This brief review discusses the interesting early history of the pre-excitation syndrome. In 1913 Cohn and Fraser published the first patient with a short P-R interval, wide QRS complexes, and paroxysmal tachycardia. This was followed by other cases of pre-excitation syndrome, all of which were considered to be due to bundle branch blocks. In 1930 Wolff,(More)
BACKGROUND Recent case series have shown reversal of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction after catheter ablation of frequent premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the prevalence of patients with frequent RVOT PVCs (> or =10 per hour) and LV(More)
Adenosine-induced atrial fibrillation has been described in the setting of treatment of supraventricular tachycardia, but has been rarely reported during adenosine infusion for pharmacologic stress testing. We present 8 patients who developed atrial fibrillation during adenosine stress testing. The incidence of this arrhythmia was 0.41% in our laboratory.(More)
Over the last decade, there has been a significant rise in reported cases of methadone induced QT prolongation (QTP) and Torsades de Pointes (TdP) in patients treated for opioid dependence. Optimal management of these patients is challenging. We report a case series of 12 consecutive patients admitted to our institution with methadone-induced QTP and(More)
A 56-year-old-man presented with syncope and torsades de pointes secondary to methadone-induced QT prolongation. After transition from methadone to buprenorphine, a partial μ-opiate-receptor agonist and a κ-opiate-receptor antagonist, the QT normalized and ventricular arrhythmias resolved. Buprenorphine should be used for opiate dependence and chronic pain(More)
The development of the sphygmograph in the nineteenth century marked the beginning of graphic registration of the arterial and venous pulse. Mackenzie, among other investigators, used this technique to study cardiac rhythm. In the early 20th century, Einthoven developed the electrocardiogram, which replaced the less sophisticated arterial and venous(More)
Warfarin is commonly used to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation; however, patients on haemodialysis may not derive the same benefit from warfarin as the general population. There are no randomized controlled studies in dialysis patients which demonstrate the efficacy of warfarin in preventing stroke. In fact, warfarin places the dialysis(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) increases transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR) and can be pro-arrhythmic. However, overall arrhythmia risk was not increased in large-scale CRT clinical trials. Increased TDR as measured by T(peak ) -T(end) (TpTe) was associated with arrhythmia risk in CRT in a single-center study. This study(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms underlying the initiation of sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) have not been fully elucidated. The extent to which reentry, abnormal automaticity, and triggered activity play a role in VT differs depending on the etiology of left ventricular dysfunction. By analyzing electrograms from implantable cardioverter defibrillator(More)
Long-term medical treatment options for atrial fibrillation (AF) include rate-control as well as rhythm-control therapy with various antiarrhythmics. However, because of the limited efficacy and potential side effects of these medications, percutaneous and surgical ablations in AF patients have evolved as alternative or additional approaches to achieve(More)