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T-2 toxin belongs to a group of mycotoxins synthesized by Fusarium fungi that are widely encountered as natural contaminants of certain important agricultural commodities particularly, cereals. Upon exposure, T-2 toxin causes severe human and animal diseases. It is considered to be a major causative agent in fatal alimentary toxic aleukia (ATA) in humans.(More)
Mycotoxins are toxic metabolites of various fungi commonly found in feed and foodstuff and can cause very serious health problems in animals as well as in humans. Zearalenone (ZEN), a mycotoxin produced by various Fusarium species has several adverse effects. Indeed, ZEN has strong estrogenic activity associated with hyperestrogenism and several(More)
Mycotoxins, secondary metabolites produced by moulds, have been shown to cause diverse toxic effects in animals and are also suspected of disease causation in humans. The present study compares the molecular mechanisms of the toxicity of zearalenone (ZEN), T-2 toxin and ochratoxin A (OTA) in human hepatoma cells HepG2. The three mycotoxins-induced a(More)
Zearalenone (ZEN) is a non-steroidal oestrogenic mycotoxin produced by several Fusarium species growing on cereals. ZEN and its metabolites bind to human oestrogen receptors and hence display oestrogenic and anabolic properties. Several lines of investigation suggest that ZEN may be genotoxic in vivo. ZEN damages DNA in Bacillus subtilis recombination(More)
Zearalenone (ZEN) and its metabolites are found in many food products and are known to induce many toxic effects. The major ZEN metabolites are α-zearalenol (α-ZOL) and β-zearalenol (β-ZOL). The mechanisms by which they mediate their cytotoxic effects are not well known and seem to differ depending on the type of cells. We investigated the possible(More)
The mycotoxin, deoxynivalenol (DON), is generally detected in cereal grains and grain-based food products worldwide. Therefore, DON has numerous toxicological effects on animals and humans. The present investigation was conducted to determine the molecular aspects of DON toxicity on human colon carcinoma cells (HT 29). To this aim, we have monitored the(More)
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) are important food-borne mycotoxins that have been implicated in human health. In this study, independent and combinative toxicities of AFB1 and OTA were tested in cultured monkey kidney Vero cells. The experiments reported here were conducted to evaluate the effect of these toxins on cell viability followed by the(More)
Mycotoxins produced by the Fusarium molds can cause a variety of human diseases and economic losses in livestock. Fusaria produce predominantly two types of mycotoxins: the nonestrogenic trichothecenes including T-2 toxin and the mycoestrogens such as zearalenone (ZEN). In a previous report, we demonstrated that the hepatotoxicity of these mycotoxins(More)
Zearalenone (ZEN) is a non-steroidal estrogenic mycotoxin produced by several species of Fusarium in cereals and agricultural products. It has been implicated in several mycotoxicosis in farm animals and in humans. Several reports suggest that oxidative damage seems to be a key determinant of ZEN induced toxicity in vitro and in vivo. The aim of the current(More)
Zearalenone (ZEN) is a fusarotoxin converted predominantly into alpha-zearalenol (alpha-Zol) and beta-zearalenol (beta-Zol) by hepatic hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases. The feeding of naturally contaminated grains with ZEN was associated with hyperestrogenic and adverse effects on humans and animals. There is a lack of information on the attribution of the(More)