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PURPOSE To describe the etiology, characteristics, and clinical evolution of epilepsy in patients with gelastic seizures (GSs). METHODS Nine patients whose seizures were characterized by typical laughing attacks were observed between 1986 and 1997. Patients were selected based on electroencephalogram (EEG) or video-EEG recordings of at least one GS and on(More)
PURPOSE To investigate for the first time the natural history and long-term evolution of "familial cortical tremor, myoclonus, and epilepsy." METHODS We evaluated the clinical, electrophysiologic, and treatment data of 14 patients from three families linked to 2p11.1-q12.2. A simplified scale was used to score myoclonus severity. Electroencephalography(More)
It is known that women suffering from temporal lobe epilepsy may frequently present reproductive endocrine disorders (REDs). We hypothesized that a high occurrence of REDs could be found also in primary generalized epilepsy (PGE), and therefore investigated the hormonal and ovarian echographic profiles in 20 PGE female patients of reproductive age. Fourteen(More)
The case of a previously healthy 69-year-old female patient is described who presented, in a period of 6 months, 3 long-lasting (from 2 hour- to 10 hour-duration) episodes of transient global amnesia accompanied by a temperature rise. During one of these episodes an EEG was obtained, showing a diffuse alteration, focal slowing, and bitemporal asynchronous(More)
PURPOSE To delineate the clinical spectrum and patterns of evolution of epilepsy with gelastic seizures related to hypothalamic hamartoma (HH). PATIENTS AND METHODS We evaluated patients with HH, observed between 1986 and 2002 for whom at least one ictal video-EEG or EEG recording of gelastic seizures was available. RESULTS Six subjects (four male, two(More)
BACKGROUND Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a well-recognized clinico-neuroradiological transient condition. Early recognition is of paramount importance for prompt control of blood pressure or removal of precipitating factors and treatment of epileptic seizures or status epilepticus. Delay in the diagnosis and treatment may in fact(More)
BACKGROUND Autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GADA) have been associated to a wide range of neurologic conditions, including epilepsy. However, the spectrum of epileptic conditions associated with GADA is not completely established. We aimed to determine the occurrence of GADA in a large series of patients with different epilepsy types.(More)
The purpose of our study was to describe the clinical characteristics of sporadic (S) cases of partial epilepsy with auditory features (PEAF) and pinpoint clinical, prognostic and genetic differences with respect to previously reported familial (F) cases of autosomal dominant partial epilepsy with auditory features (ADPEAF). We analysed 53 patients (24(More)