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Objectives To assess the prevalence, clinical and immunological characteristics, risk factors and survival of patients with AIDS-related cryptococcosis in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Methods All newly diagnosed cryptococcosis cases identified retrospectively from among a series of AIDS patients hospitalized consecutively at a(More)
We describe a case of disseminated Penicillium marneffei in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive Italian man who stayed for 4 years in Chiang Ray province, northern Thailand. A review of the literature shows that penicilliosis, although unusual, may represent an emerging opportunistic infection among HIV-positive people traveling to endemic areas.
OBJECTIVE The objective of this review was to define a core set of recommendations for the treatment of HCV-associated mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome (MCS) by combining current evidence from clinical trials and expert opinion. METHODS Expert physicians involved in studying and treating patients with MCS formulated statements after discussing the(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify the effectiveness of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and to identify any factors predictive of clinical outcome in a clinical setting. DESIGN Observational study. METHODS Treatment failure (i.e., the occurrence of new or recurrent AIDS-defining events, death or any definitive discontinuation) and the course of CD4+ cell(More)
We reviewed the clinical, microbiologic, and outcome characteristics of 72 patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated histoplasmosis (4 newly described) reported in Europe over 20 years (1984-2004). Seven cases (9.7%) were acquired in Europe (autochthonous), whereas the majority involved a history of travel or arrival from endemic areas.(More)
Mixed cryoglobulinaemia syndrome (MCS) is associated with a number of infectious, autoimmune and lymphoproliferative disorders, particularly chronic hepatitis C infection. Although circulating mixed cryoglobulins (cMCGs) are a frequent finding in HCV-infected patients, only a minority of them develop a frank MCS. The only available data concerning the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of immunological and virological markers on clinical outcome in patients receiving their first highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen. DESIGN AND METHODS Observational study of 585 patients initiating HAART in a clinical setting. Clinical failure was defined as the occurrence of new or recurrent(More)
The outcome of second-line protease inhibitor (PI)-containing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was investigated in 263 patients who were failed by (n = 148) or intolerant of (n = 115) a first HAART regimen. The endpoints were virologic failure (decline in HIV RNA < 1 log10 copies/ml after > or = 2 months) and discontinuation due to(More)
The aim of this randomised, prospective, open-label, multicentre pilot clinical trial was to compare the 48-week toxicity profile of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) monotherapy with LPV/r-based HAART (KaMon = Kaletra monotherapy) in HIV/HCV patients undergoing HCV treatment. The study involved 30 HIV/HCV co-infected patients naive to anti- HCV therapy. One(More)