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The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between circadian preferences, regularity of sleep patterns, sleep problems, daytime sleepiness and daytime behaviour. As a part of an epidemiological survey on sleep in a representative sample of Italian high-school students, a total of 6631 adolescents, aged 14.1-18.6 years, completed the School(More)
To attempt a categorization of sleep disorders in children, we developed a 27 item Likert-type rating scale (Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children: SDSC) and assessed the psychometric properties was developed. The scale was distributed to the mothers of 1304 children (1157 controls, mean age 9.8 y; 147 sleep disorder subjects, mean age 9.2y, composed of four(More)
The assessment of temperament is usually measured by means of parental questionnaires. Since temperament questionnaires in children aged 8-12 years do not exist in Italy we planned a study to develop an Italian questionnaire. Initially we tried to adapt Hegvik et al.'s questionnaire and delivered 389 questionnaires to the mothers of children aged 8-12(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the presence of sleep problems and their association with behavioral and adjustment problems in children with idiopathic epilepsy. METHODS A parental questionnaire was used to assess sleep problems in 89 children with idiopathic epilepsy for comparisons with 49 siblings and 321 healthy control children, equally distributed for age and(More)
BACKGROUND The current study examined the relationships between academic achievement, sleep, temperament and demographic-historical data in school-age children. METHODS Teachers were asked to fill out the teacher temperament questionnaire and a form for school achievement, while mothers filled out a demographic-historical form and the sleep disturbance(More)
The Rorschach test was administered to 58 children of normal intelligence aged 7-14 years with a history of common migraine of at least 12 months and to a group of controls matched for age, sex, and IQ. The Rorschach test was scored blindly. The migraine group was characterized by marked intellectual inhibition with poor school performance and low response(More)
We have investigated 20 healthy full-term newborns between the 4th and the 6th day of life in standard conditions for laterality of arm movements, before and after introduction of a target. The durations of recording were: (a) 5 min continuously before target introduction; (b) five 1-min units during target presentation. The movements studied were(More)
The relationships between various types of headache and epilepsy were investigated in a sample of 620 children aged 2 to 16 years with special reference to the frequency and types of epilepsy, their distribution over the types of headache, the frequency of familiarity of convulsions and epilepsy by headache type and the frequency of epileptiform EEGs in(More)
A placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial on the effect of niaprazine on children with some common sleep disorders was carried out. Niaprazine at a daily dosage of 1 mg/kg body weight or placebo at random was administered to a selected group of 36 children (aged from 6 months to 6 years) suffering from frequent nighttime waking or inability to fall(More)