Salvatore Ottaviano

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The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between circadian preferences, regularity of sleep patterns, sleep problems, daytime sleepiness and daytime behaviour. As a part of an epidemiological survey on sleep in a representative sample of Italian high-school students, a total of 6631 adolescents, aged 14.1-18.6 years, completed the School(More)
To attempt a categorization of sleep disorders in children, we developed a 27 item Likert-type rating scale (Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children: SDSC) and assessed the psychometric properties was developed. The scale was distributed to the mothers of 1304 children (1157 controls, mean age 9.8 y; 147 sleep disorder subjects, mean age 9.2y, composed of four(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To verify the existence of a symptomatic form of restless legs syndrome (RLS) secondary to multiple sclerosis (MS) and to identify possible associated risk factors. DESIGN Prospective, multicenter, case-control epidemiologic survey. SETTINGS Twenty sleep centers certified by the Italian Association of Sleep Medicine. PATIENTS Eight(More)
Although a relationship between headache and sleep disturbances has been reported in adults, only few data have been available in children. Accordingly, we performed a survey to determine the prevalence of sleep disturbances in children with migraine and tension-type headache. A questionnaire of history and clinical data and of sleep disturbances was given(More)
The current survey is an attempt to evaluate age-specific sleep characteristics and to identify the presence of sleep problems in Italian normally developing preschool-aged children. A cross-sectional survey by parental interview on sleep behavior was carried out on 2,889 children (from birth to 6 years). Groups were formed based on age level. Results(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate knowledge about sleep and the effect of a sleep educational program on a group of Italian adolescents. METHODS The program consisted of a 2-hour interactive sleep educational course. To assess students' sleep patterns and habits, the School Sleep Habits Survey was completed by 540 students, aged 17 to 19 years, who were attending three(More)
BACKGROUND The current study examined the relationships between academic achievement, sleep, temperament and demographic-historical data in school-age children. METHODS Teachers were asked to fill out the teacher temperament questionnaire and a form for school achievement, while mothers filled out a demographic-historical form and the sleep disturbance(More)
The personality inventory for children (PIC), which is similar in structure to the MMPI and hence free from subjective interpretation, is applicable to children from 6 to 16 years of age. We used it in 40 children with common migraine aged 8 to 14 years and in 40 controls comparable in age, sex, and socioeconomic status. Although the migraine subjects did(More)
The assessment of temperament is usually measured by means of parental questionnaires. Since temperament questionnaires in children aged 8-12 years do not exist in Italy we planned a study to develop an Italian questionnaire. Initially we tried to adapt Hegvik et al.'s questionnaire and delivered 389 questionnaires to the mothers of children aged 8-12(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the presence of sleep problems and their association with behavioral and adjustment problems in children with idiopathic epilepsy. METHODS A parental questionnaire was used to assess sleep problems in 89 children with idiopathic epilepsy for comparisons with 49 siblings and 321 healthy control children, equally distributed for age and(More)