Salvatore Melchionda

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BACKGROUND Hearing impairment affects one infant in 1000 and 4% of people aged younger than 45 years. Congenital deafness is inherited or apparently sporadic. We have shown previously that DFNB1 on chromosome 13 is a major locus for recessive deafness in about 80% of Mediterranean families and that the connexin-26 gene gap junction protein beta2 (GJB2) is(More)
Congenital deafness accounts for about 1 in 1000 infants and approximately 80% of cases are inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Recently, it has been demonstrated that connexin 26 (GJB2) gene is a major gene for congenital sensorineural deafness. A single mutation (named 35delG) was found in most recessive families and sporadic cases of congenital(More)
Non-syndromic neurosensory autosomal recessive deafness (NSRD) is the most common form of genetic hearing loss. Previous studies defined at least 15 human NSRD loci. Recently we demonstrated that DFNB1, located on the long arm of chromosome 13, accounts for approximately 80% of cases in the Mediterranean area. Further analysis with additional markers now(More)
Mutations in the GJB2 gene have been identified in many patients with childhood deafness, 35delG being the most common mutation in Caucasoid populations. We have analyzed a total of 576 families/unrelated patients with recessive or sporadic deafness from Italy and Spain, 193 of them being referred as autosomal recessive, and the other 383 as apparently(More)
Mutations in the unconventional myosin VI gene, Myo6, are associated with deafness and vestibular dysfunction in the Snell's waltzer (sv) mouse. The corresponding human gene, MYO6, is located on chromosome 6q13. We describe the mapping of a new deafness locus, DFNA22, on chromosome 6q13 in a family affected by a nonsyndromic dominant form of deafness(More)
Ca2+ enters the stereocilia of hair cells through mechanoelectrical transduction channels opened by the deflection of the hair bundle and is exported back to endolymph by an unusual splicing isoform (w/a) of plasma-membrane calcium-pump isoform 2 (PMCA2). Ablation or missense mutations of the pump cause deafness, as described for the G283S mutation in the(More)
Mutations in the GJB2 gene, which encodes the gap junction protein connexin26 (Cx26), are the major cause of genetic non-syndromic hearing loss. The role of the allelic variant M34T in causing hereditary deafness remains controversial. By combining genetic, clinical, biochemical, electrophysiological and structural modeling studies, we have re-assessed the(More)
Mitochondrial mutations have previously been reported anecdotally in families with maternally inherited, nonsyndromic hearing impairment. To ascertain the contribution of mitochondrial mutations to postlingual but early-onset, nonsyndromic hearing impairment, we screened patients collected from within two different populations (southern Italy and UK) for(More)
Mutations in the GJB2 gene, encoding the gap-junction channel protein connexin 26, account for the majority of recessive forms and some of the dominant cases of deafness. Here, we report the frequency of GJB2 alleles in the Italian population affected by hearing loss and the functional analysis of six missense mutations. Genetic studies indicate that, apart(More)