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BACKGROUND Hearing impairment affects one infant in 1000 and 4% of people aged younger than 45 years. Congenital deafness is inherited or apparently sporadic. We have shown previously that DFNB1 on chromosome 13 is a major locus for recessive deafness in about 80% of Mediterranean families and that the connexin-26 gene gap junction protein beta2 (GJB2) is(More)
Congenital deafness accounts for about 1 in 1000 infants and approximately 80% of cases are inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Recently, it has been demonstrated that connexin 26 (GJB2) gene is a major gene for congenital sensorineural deafness. A single mutation (named 35delG) was found in most recessive families and sporadic cases of congenital(More)
Non-syndromic neurosensory autosomal recessive deafness (NSRD) is the most common form of genetic hearing loss. Previous studies defined at least 15 human NSRD loci. Recently we demonstrated that DFNB1, located on the long arm of chromosome 13, accounts for approximately 80% of cases in the Mediterranean area. Further analysis with additional markers now(More)
Mutations in the GJB2 gene have been identified in many patients with childhood deafness, 35delG being the most common mutation in Caucasoid populations. We have analyzed a total of 576 families/unrelated patients with recessive or sporadic deafness from Italy and Spain, 193 of them being referred as autosomal recessive, and the other 383 as apparently(More)
Cystinuria is an autosomal recessive aminoaciduria in which three urinary phenotypes (I, II, and III) have been described. An amino acid transporter gene, SLC3A1 (formerly rBAT), was found to be responsible for this disorder. Mutational and linkage analysis demonstrated the presence of genetic heterogeneity in which the SLC3A1 gene is responsible for type I(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 of von Recklinghausen is a common autosomal dominant disorder, characterized by peripheral neurofibromas, café-au-lait spots and Lisch nodules of the iris. The high mutation rate at the neurofibromatosis type 1 locus results in a wide range of molecular abnormalities. We have screened seven different exons of the neurofibromatosis(More)
Mutations in GJB1, GJB2, GJB3 and GJB6 are involved in hearing impairment. GJB2, GJB3 and GJB6 are also mutated in patients with hyperproliferative skin disorders. The human GJB4 gene has been deduced in silico and a mutation in a family with erythrokeratodermia variabilis has been reported. We describe here the analysis of the GJB4 gene in hearing(More)
The role of myosins in the pathogenesis of hearing loss is well established: five genes encoding unconventional myosins and two genes encoding nonmuscle conventional myosins have so far been described to be essential for normal auditory function and mutations in these genes associated with hearing impairment. To better understand the role of this gene(More)
Mutations in the GJB2 gene, encoding the gap-junction channel protein connexin 26, account for the majority of recessive forms and some of the dominant cases of deafness. Here, we report the frequency of GJB2 alleles in the Italian population affected by hearing loss and the functional analysis of six missense mutations. Genetic studies indicate that, apart(More)