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OBJECTIVE There is a dearth of empirical research on physician empathy despite its mediating role in patient-physician relationships and clinical outcomes. This study was designed to investigate the components of physician empathy, its measurement properties, and group differences in empathy scores. METHOD A revised version of the Jefferson Scale of(More)
This study was designed to examine the relationships between scores of two measures of empathy. One was specifically developed for measuring empathy in patient care situations; the other was developed for the general population. It was hypothesized that the overlap between scores of the two measures would be greater for their constructs that are more(More)
CONTEXT It has been reported that medical students become more cynical as they progress through medical school. This can lead to a decline in empathy. Empirical research to address this issue is scarce because the definition of empathy lacks clarity, and a tool to measure empathy specifically in medical students and doctors has been unavailable. OBJECTIVE(More)
The operational measurement of physician empathy, as well as the question of whether empathy could change at different levels of medical education, is of interest to medical educators. To address this issue, 98 internal medicine residents from all 3 years of training were studied. The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy was administered, and residents'(More)
The authors designed the present study to examine the association between individuals' scores on the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE; M. Hojat, J. S. Gonnella, S. Mangione, T. J. Nasca, & M. Magee, 2003; M. Hojat, J. S. Gonnella, T. J. Nasca, S. Mangione, M. Vergare, & M. Magee, 2002; M. Hojat, S. Mangione, T. J. Nasca, M. J. M. Cohen, J. S.(More)
We conducted a multicenter, cross-sectional assessment of pulmonary auscultatory skills among medical students and housestaff. Our study included 194 medical students, 18 pulmonary fellows, and 656 generalists-in-training from 17 internal medicine and 23 family practice programs in the Mid- Atlantic area of the United States. All participants listened to 10(More)
AIM To develop a brief scale for measuring patient's perceptions of their physician's empathic engagement and to provide preliminary evidence in support of aspects of the scale's psychometrics. METHOD Study comprised 225 patients, out of 436 patients (52% response rate) seen by 166 residents in the internal medicine residency program at the Jefferson(More)
Red blood cells (RBC) possess strong antioxidant activity. We tested whether this activity was sufficient to prevent the oxidative inactivation of alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1-AT) by cigarette smoke. We found that RBC in physiological concentrations completely prevented the inactivation of alpha 1-AT. The major erythrocytic antioxidants, catalase,(More)
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